Montage and editing effects provide striking examples of film's cartographic qualifies, as Conley shows in the transitions between scenes (especially wipes and lap dissolves
) in Roma, cittB aperta, High Sierra, and Casablanca where two separate images are simultaneously visible in the frame--often a shot of a map that overlays or blends into a live-action sequence.
Sokurov shot the scene from a single camera setup; though he condensed the action with lap dissolves
, the effect remains very close to that of real time.
have lost much of the appeal they had back when Citizen Kane (1941) introduced the Xanadu manse through an ominous series of overlapping images, each fading out as the subsequent one faded in, or when La Jetee (1962) utilized the transition for a more subjective sequence in which, according to the narrator, "images begin to ooze like confessions." By now, our eyes have become so conditioned by the more jarring interruptions of jump cuts and channel hops that multiple fade-outs and fade-ins seem rather hokey, relegated to "lesser" forms like screen savers and club visuals.
Similar layerings occur in the films, in which lap dissolves
repeatedly interpenetrate one image into another, and in the spoken-word recordings, where hesitancies and loopings multiply the single voice.