Laparoscopy

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laparoscopy

[‚lap·ə′räs·kə·pē]
(medicine)
A method of visually examining the peritoneal cavity by means of a long slender endoscope equipped with sheath, obturator, biopsy forceps, a sphygmomanometer bulb and tubing, scissors, and a syringe; the endoscope is introduced into the peritoneal cavity through a small incision in the abdominal wall. Also known as peritoneoscopy.

Laparoscopy

 

the diagnostic examination of the abdominal cavity and its organs through a puncture of the abdominal wall with an optical instrument called a laparoscope; first performed in 1901 by the Russian obstetrician-gynecologist D. O. Otto.

The laparoscope consists of a trocar (a stylet with a sheath); an illumination and optical system; and attachments for taking a piece of tissue or organ, still and motion pictures, and X-ray contrasts of the biliary tract. The laparoscopy is performed with local anesthesia under aseptic conditions. The choice of site for the puncture depends on the region or organ being examined. A single puncture allows examination of the organs of the abdominal cavity and peritoneum within limits defined by the length of the optical system.

References in periodicals archive ?
(2) Laparotomy group: The anesthesia and surgical procedures of the control group were nearly the same with the laparoscopic surgery group, but a transverse incision was made at the right upper abdomen.
Patients were placed in supine position and the laparoscopic monitor was placed on the opposite side of hernia.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy was performed by consultants with assistance by residents using the conventional 4 port method under general anaesthesia.
Results: A total of 205 laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia done on 153 patients by the same group of surgeon in same unit.
All five patients underwent total laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy and intracorporeal anastomosis.
We assessed the clinical outcomes and experiences of our laparoscopic decortication of simple symptomatic renal cysts using ultracision HS system and aimed to discuss different energy types by reviewing the literature.
KeyWords: Laparoscopic appendectomy, Open appendectomy, Early stage appendicitis, complicated appendicitis.
According to anatomical division, segments VII and VIII were traditionally considered unsuitable for the laparoscopic approach; however, Cho et al.
As many as 100 laparoscopic surgeries have been performed in the last eight months since it was first introduced in Pakistan.
The locations of these lesions were consistent with the laparoscopic port sites from his surgical resection (Figure 3).
During the study period, there were 50 consecutive laparoscopic splenectomies performed.

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