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endoscope, any instrument used to look inside the body. Usually consisting of a fiber-optic tube attached to a viewing device, endoscopes are used to explore and biopsy such areas as the colon and the bronchi of the lungs. Endoscopes employing miniature television cameras and tiny surgical implements now allow exploration and endoscopic surgery through small incisions; such surgery is much less traumatic to the patient than traditional open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery, in which the endoscope is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen or chest, is used to correct abnormalities of the ovaries and as an alternative to traditional gall bladder and chest surgery. Arthroscopic surgery is endoscopic surgery performed on joints such as the knee or shoulder.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a medical instrument for the examination of hollow organs (for example, the esophagus, stomach, and bronchi) and the abdominal and other body cavities. Endoscopes have optical and illumination systems. There are two basic types: rigid endoscopes (for example, proctoscopes), which use optical systems of lenses, and flexible fiberscopes (for example, esophago-gastroscopes), which use fiber optics. Fiberscopes make possible the examination of organs that cannot be seen with rigid endoscopes (for example, the duodenum). The optical systems of flexible endoscopes consist of numerous glass fibers (light guides), which measure 0.01–0.02 mm in diameter.

The use of endoscopes not only has made possible the examination of various organs but also has aided greatly in the visual guiding of biopsy procedures and in surgery (removal of foreign bodies and polyps, coagulation of bleeding vessels). Modern endoscopes permit complication-free examination.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An instrument used to visualize the interior of a body cavity or hollow organ.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery cannot completely remove small, deep and atypical lesions in EMT patients, residual lesions can recur in a short period of time under hormone stimulation, seriously affecting clinical efficacy and treatment compliance.14 In recent years, the importance of drug-assisted treatment after laparoscopic surgery in EMT patients has been widely confirmed.
While the conventional technique would work the same as the minimal invasive procedure, a laparoscopic surgery offers lesser pain, invisible scars, shorter hospital stay, less blood loss, fewer complications, including less risk of infection and faster return to normal activities.
Laparoscopic surgery and muscle relaxants: is deep block helpful?
"Table 3 shows the different types of surgeries performed by Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) using conventional laparoscopic instruments and the number of surgeries performed."
Over the last 30 years there has been an explosive growth in the use of laparoscopic surgery for routine as well as complicated procedures.
Laparoscopic surgery includes operations within the abdominal or pelvic cavities, whereas keyhole surgery performed on the thoracic or chest cavity is called thoracoscopic surgery.
found that the surgical time shortened when the number of cases that the operator treated exceeded 35.11 The safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery remains to be the focus.
In 2017, the country's most obese man Muhammad Naveed underwent laparoscopic surgery in Lahore.
Endocontrol's VIKY M is used in gynecological, urological and general laparoscopic surgery. VIKY XS is used in pediatric, thoracic and laparoscopic surgery.
Sharjah: A team of doctors at the University Hospital of Sharjah have successfully conducted laparoscopic surgery to alleviate the pain of a 45-year-old woman diagnosed with three types of hernia.
Initially laparoscopic surgery was termed a minimally invasive surgery, but this term was changed to minimal access surgery as laparoscopic surgery is an invasive procedure associated with similar risks of major complications as compared with the conventional open surgery1.
Sajida Quraishy said that in first three days of symposium in Civil Hospital lectures/presentations and demos were made on robotic and laparoscopic surgery.

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