Laparoscopy

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laparoscopy

[‚lap·ə′räs·kə·pē]
(medicine)
A method of visually examining the peritoneal cavity by means of a long slender endoscope equipped with sheath, obturator, biopsy forceps, a sphygmomanometer bulb and tubing, scissors, and a syringe; the endoscope is introduced into the peritoneal cavity through a small incision in the abdominal wall. Also known as peritoneoscopy.

Laparoscopy

 

the diagnostic examination of the abdominal cavity and its organs through a puncture of the abdominal wall with an optical instrument called a laparoscope; first performed in 1901 by the Russian obstetrician-gynecologist D. O. Otto.

The laparoscope consists of a trocar (a stylet with a sheath); an illumination and optical system; and attachments for taking a piece of tissue or organ, still and motion pictures, and X-ray contrasts of the biliary tract. The laparoscopy is performed with local anesthesia under aseptic conditions. The choice of site for the puncture depends on the region or organ being examined. A single puncture allows examination of the organs of the abdominal cavity and peritoneum within limits defined by the length of the optical system.

References in periodicals archive ?
This did not deter the efforts of Jordan Phillips, who along with Jacques Rioux, Louis Keith, Richard Soderstrom--four early laparoscopists --incorporated a new society, the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (the AAGL) in 1971.
As more women are undergoing endometrial ablation with global ablation techniques, this question is becoming more important," he said at the annual meeting of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists.
LAS VEGAS -- Promising results from a pilot study may lead to a role for botulinum toxin in relieving certain kinds of chronic pelvic pain, Sherin Jarvis reported at the annual meeting of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists.
Parkin said at the annual meeting of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists.
Moen is a fellow of both the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American College of Surgeons, and is a member of the American Urogynecologic Society, the International Urogynecological Association, the Society of Gynecologic Surgeons, and the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists.
Amy Weaver Vance said at the annual meeting of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists.
reported at the annual meeting of the American Association for Gynecologic Laparoscopists.
Patients were not given GnRH agonists to reduce fibroid size before treatment, he said at the meeting sponsored by the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists.
Parker said at an international congress on uterine fibroids sponsored by the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists.

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