Laparoscopy

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laparoscopy

[‚lap·ə′räs·kə·pē]
(medicine)
A method of visually examining the peritoneal cavity by means of a long slender endoscope equipped with sheath, obturator, biopsy forceps, a sphygmomanometer bulb and tubing, scissors, and a syringe; the endoscope is introduced into the peritoneal cavity through a small incision in the abdominal wall. Also known as peritoneoscopy.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Laparoscopy

 

the diagnostic examination of the abdominal cavity and its organs through a puncture of the abdominal wall with an optical instrument called a laparoscope; first performed in 1901 by the Russian obstetrician-gynecologist D. O. Otto.

The laparoscope consists of a trocar (a stylet with a sheath); an illumination and optical system; and attachments for taking a piece of tissue or organ, still and motion pictures, and X-ray contrasts of the biliary tract. The laparoscopy is performed with local anesthesia under aseptic conditions. The choice of site for the puncture depends on the region or organ being examined. A single puncture allows examination of the organs of the abdominal cavity and peritoneum within limits defined by the length of the optical system.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This did not deter the efforts of Jordan Phillips, who along with Jacques Rioux, Louis Keith, Richard Soderstrom--four early laparoscopists --incorporated a new society, the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (the AAGL) in 1971.
Matanes said at the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists Global Congress.
ADVINCULA, MD, is President of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL), a 7,500-member organization promoting minimally invasive surgery worldwide.
Plenary abstract presented at: International Congress of Gynecologic Endoscopy, American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists 26th Annual Meeting; September 24-28, 1997, Seattle, WA.
Few cases were reported of pure robotic retrocaval ureter repair.[sup.6]-[sup.8] Experienced laparoscopists found no significant advantage of robotic over laparoscopic reconstruction.[sup.7] The operative duration and blood loss in our case are comparable to those reported by others.
I heard this comment on a shuttle ride to the airport following last year's American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL) meeting.
Simone Ferrero said at the annual meeting of the AAGL (formerly the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists).
For its part, at the time of this writing, the AAGL, previously known as the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists, "is reviewing the scientific evidence and best practices reported by our members," stated an article in its Association News.
Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a technically challenging operation preferably performed in centres with significant case volumes and with experienced laparoscopists. It is the preferred option over AS because of the small risk of metastatic spread with AS, intensive imaging requirements with its associated costs and radiation exposure with AS, and patient anxiety over the knowledge of persistent renal cancer over the long-term with AS.
Alan Johns reported at the annual meeting of the AAGL (formerly the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists).
Robert Sabbah reported at the annual meeting of the AAGL (formerly the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists).