laryngopharynx


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Related to laryngopharynx: trachea

laryngopharynx

[lə¦riŋ·gō′far·iŋks]
(anatomy)
The lower portion of the pharynx, lying adjacent to the larynx. Also known as hypopharynx.
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The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery defines laryngopharyngeal reflux as the retrograde movement of gastric contents into the laryngopharynx. (1) Common symptoms include hoarseness/dysphonia, chronic throat clearing, dysphagia, globus pharyngeus, and chronic cough, as well as postnasal drip, paroxysmal laryngospasm, odynophagia, excessive throat mucus, and a strange taste in the mouth.
This would also avoid the need for topical local anaesthesia to the larynx, and minimise the risk of barotrauma with any coughing associated with recurrent stimulation of the laryngopharynx with the endoscope.
The contrast CT scan of the neck was performed on day 4 (Fig 1.), showing soft tissue oedema around the orotracheal tube, oropharynx and laryngopharynx extending from the posterior aspect of the hyoid bone down to the level of the thyroid cartilage.
More than 60% of NHLs of the head and neck occur in extra nodal sites, such as the paranasal sinuses, nasal cavity, oral cavity, sali-vary glands, and laryngopharynx.2 Early diagnosis of primary NHL of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is difficult because this lesion develops in an anatomic space and expands toward the sinus, nasal cavity or nasopharynx, not usually causing symptoms in the early stages.
The frequency of head and neck cancer varies with the specific anatomical location, oral cancer is the most frequent with 40.6%, tongue 21%, gums 5%, floor of the mouth 2%, lips 2.5%, other oral mucosal locations 14.1%, in salivary glands is 15.3%; pharyngeal cancer accounts for 15% (5.7% oropharynx, 4.7% nasopharynx, 4.8% laryngopharynx) and unspecified sites cover the other 24.8%.
The upper airway consists of the pharynx, which is composed of the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx. The pharynx gives way to the larynx, trachea, and lungs of the lower airway (Smeltzer & Bare, 2004).
The 16 cm of jejunum was anastomosed end-to-side to the laryngopharynx proximally and end-to-end to the normal colon at the level of the sternal notch distally (Fig.
The human tissue array included liver, brain, lung, kidney, spleen, testis, ovary, heart, pancreas, uterus, breast, cervix, rectum, prostate, thyroid, laryngopharynx, stomach, and skin.
The lower part of the pharynx, or the laryngopharynx, divides into two passages; food swallowed with the aid of muscles located in the oropharynx continues downward into the esophagus, but air flows forward and through the larynx.
lens thyroid cell glomeruli skin alveoli tonsil oculus limb mandible lung tricuspid ulna cerumen thumb esophagus molar talus vein glottis spine jejunum throat epiglottis muscles mitochondrion kidneys coccyx retina hypothalamus triceps sebum sternum thalamus spleen metacarpals keratin phalanges sacrum insula femur intercilium platelets xiphoid arteries calcaneus knuckle peroneus incisor epicondyle intestine diencephalon tibia brachioradiaiis epidermis thyrohyoideum cartilage cholangioles vertebra platysma chromosomes gastrocnemius cornea acetabulum dendrites laryngopharynx melanin sternocleidomastoid capillaries genioglossus bronchi glossopharyngeum diaphragm olecranon abdomen pterygopalatine larynx coracobrachial trachea iliopsoas