mania

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mania

a mental disorder characterized by great excitement and occasionally violent behaviour
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mania

 

a state characterized by excessive elevation of mood and cheerfulness, an acceleration of associative processes, instability, distractibility, and agitophasia.

Mania may arise with schizophrenia, infectious and intoxicative diseases, injuries, or brain tumors. The condition is manifested most typically in the manic state of manic-depressive psychosis.

In antiquity the term “mania” referred to all forms of mental disturbance with motor and speech agitation. Later, it was used as a synonym for delirium or an irresistible urge (for example, pyromania, the urge to set fires, and kleptomania, the urge to steal). In the first half of the 19th century the French psychiatrist J. E. D. Esquirol advanced the popular conception of monomania—an obsession with a single idea or urge. From the mid-19th century to the beginning of the 20th, mania was considered a separate disease.

I. I. LUKOMSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

mania

[′mān·yə]
(psychology)
Excessive enthusiasm or excitement; a violent desire or passion; manifestation of a psychotic disorder.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Mania

ancient Roman goddess of the dead. [Rom. Myth.: Zimmerman, 159]
See: Death
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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