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Archaic made of laurel
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a person who has been accorded a state or international prize or has won a competition in the arts.

The term “laureate” originated in ancient Greece, where the winners of various competitions were rewarded with wreaths of honor made of laurel branches. The same custom existed in ancient Rome. In the Middle Ages, the term “laureate” was used with the same meaning in many Western European countries— for example, the Italian poet Petrarch was accorded the title in 1341 by the Roman Senate and the University of Paris. The custom of rewarding winners with a laurel wreath still exists.

In the USSR, the title of laureate is conferred on recipients of the Lenin Prize, the State Prize of the USSR, or the state prize of a Union republic and on winners of all-Union or republic competitions among musicians, actors, writers, or athletes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The chronological limitation of the volume likewise becomes problematic, as the final interview is from 2011, a year before Thrall and the laureateship. Hall's introduction and chronology bring things up to 2013 and even project onward to future plans.
But more than all that, I knew that Philip Levine toed no one's line except his own, that he was unimpressed by official power, and that he'd only accepted the laureateship so that he could advocate for those millions of Americans normally excluded from the national discourse.
Her ear for a rhyme, however, is much better illustrated in the ditty she wrote to close her acceptance speech for the laureateship, written to praise her seven predecessors.
For it is not simply that the displacement of "South African" by "Australasian" problematics, or the immanent war within the works against the halo of the Nobel laureateship, causes problems for the way in which this particular oeuvre should be read; it is that the consequences of these dynamics for Coetzee's form may have major lessons for us at the most general level about the "art of the novel" as such today, in a global marketplace of fictions defined by many unequal, overlapping and concentric rings of cultural capital.
Renewed interest in the one-time partner of late Liverpool literary doyen, Adrian Henri, has come with her elevation to poet laureate, although this compendium of shadow characters from myth and reality dates from 1999, the year Duffy was pipped at the post for the laureateship by Andrew Motion.
The exhibition will reinforce the key messages of Anthony Browne's Laureateship in championing the picture book and advocating visual literacy by making tangible the power of illustration in a gallery setting.
I wonder if it was always Duffy's intention to push the limits of the Laureateship? "That isn't what I've been trying to do," she says.
So was it always Duffy's plan to push the limits of the Laureateship? "That wasn't what I was trying to do," she says.
Perhaps the primary motive was economic (especially after losing the Laureateship)?
We ended up doing it chronologically, which fortunately also had the benefit of putting it in order of newsworthiness: you got Plath in the first chunk, Assia Wevill (the woman for whom Hughes left Plath and who subsequently herself committed suicide) in the second, and Hughes's laureateship and happy marriage to Carol in the third.
While I admire Pinsky's skeptical and service-oriented approach to the office, I suspect poet laureateship might work better if it were less democratic.