lauric acid


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Related to lauric acid: myristic acid, caprylic acid

lauric acid

[′lȯr·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
CH3(CH2)10COOH A fatty acid melting at 44°C, boiling at 225°C (100 mmHg; 13,332 pascals); colorless needles soluble in alcohol and ether, insoluble in water; found as the glyceride in vegetable fats, such as coconut and laurel oils; used for wetting agents, in cosmetics, soaps, resins, and insecticides, and as a chemical intermediate.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, ractopamine use altered the meat lipid profile to be healthier for consumers, especially due to increased linoleic acid and PUFA concentrations, and decreased lauric acid, myristic acid and palmitic acid concentrations, which are included in the AI and TI indexes.
pylori is attributed to lauric acid ([C.sub.12]:[[DELTA].sup.0]), myristoleic acid ([C.sub.14]:[[DELTA].sup.9]), and linolenic acid ([C.sub.18]:[[DELTA].sup.9,12,15]) (45).
Lauric acid, sphingosine, and dihydrosphingosine have been shown to be antibacterial against a number of organisms.
Jatropha curcas oil contains a large quantity of oleic acids and sunflower oil contains a large quantity of linoleic acids, while coconut oil contains a large quantity of lauric acids. Oleic acid ([C.sub.18][H.sub.34][O.sub.2]) is an unsaturated fatty acid with one double bond, linoleic acid ([C.sub.18][H.sub.32][O.sub.2]) is an unsaturated fatty acid with two double bonds, and lauric acid ([C.sub.12][H.sub.24][O.sub.2]) is a saturated fatty acid.
Figure 7 showed that MCFAs were the primary composition of FFAs in which lauric acid (C12) was the largest segment.
Since highly lipophilic drugs like clopidogrel are easy to entrap within the solid lipid matrix, we have studied the application of cationically modified solid lipid nanoparticles prepared from lauric acid for intestinal delivery of clopidogrel, in an attempt to increase its bioavailability.
Lauric acid was the main medium-chain triglyceride present in the VCO, and it represented 40.86% of the total content.
africana, suggested for the treatment of prostate cancer are ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, [beta]-amyrin, atraric acid (AA), N-butylbenzene-sulfonamide (NBBS), [beta]-sitosterol, [beta]-sitosterol-3-O-glucoside, ferulic acid, and lauric acid [20, 21].
When the antimicrobial activity of the individual fats in breastmilk was compared, lauric acid was found to have the best activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus Group A, and Candida albicans.
In this study the NiO/Ni[Al.sub.2][O.sub.4] powders were prepared by solution combustion synthesis method using renewable fuel, palm oil derived octyl alcohol and lauric acid. Few extensive studies [7-8] were found on the morphological and compositional changes during synthesis of oxygen carriers.
Since coconut has a vegetable origin, it has a high content of saturated fatty acids (Jayadas & Nair, 2006), mainly consisting of triglycerides with low degree of unsaturation, comprising two major fatty acids, lauric acid and myristic acid (Pham, Casa, Gregorio, & Kwon, 1998).
Atul Sharma et al [9] has studied about the development of phase change materials for low temperature energy storage applications using binary mixtures of commercial grade acids such as Lauric acid (LA), Myristic acid (MA), Stearic acid (SA) and Palmitic acid (PA).