le Carré, John
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le Carré, John(lə kärā`), pseud. of
David John Moore Cornwell,1931–, English novelist. He was a tutor at Eton College (1956–58), and subsequently worked for the British foreign service in Germany (1961–64), running agents for the secret intelligence service MI6. Le Carré's best-known novel is The Spy Who Came In from the Cold (1963, film 1965), a bleak study of cold-warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
..... Click the link for more information. espionage that emphasizes its inhumanity and amorality; it introduced the figure of George Smiley, a British agent who is a recurring character in many of his works and in the two television miniseries (1979, 1982) adapted from them. His other novels include A Call for the Dead (1961), A Small Town in Germany (1968), Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy (1974, film 2011), Smiley's People (1980), The Little Drummer Girl (1983), A Perfect Spy (1986), and The Russia House (1989), the last of his novels to explore cold-war subjects exclusively. Later novels have dealt with international finance (Single & Single, 1999), the arms trade (The Night Manager, 1999), the exploitation of the Third World by multinational corporations (The Constant Gardener, 2001), espionage, terrorism, and the Iraq war (Absolute Friends, 2003), and the nexus of multinational corporations and government in Africa (The Mission Song, 2006). In A Most Wanted Man (2008), Le Carré returned to espionage, against the background of post-9/11 Germany; in Our Kind of Traitor (2010, film 2016), he treated British and Russian espionage in a contemporary setting; and in A Delicate Truth (2013), three Britons confront their government's treachery. Two adult children of cold war victims from The Spy Who Came In from the Cold demand justice in A Legacy of Spies (2017). Le Carré returned to contemporary espionage in Agent Running in the Field (2019), which is extremely critical of Brexit.
See his The Pigeon Tunnel: Stories from My Life (2016); biography by A. Sisman (2015); study by P. Wolfe (1987).
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