learning disabilities


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Related to learning disabilities: dyslexia

learning disabilities,

in education, any of various disorders involved in understanding or using spoken or written language, including difficulties in listening, thinking, talking, readingreading,
process of mentally interpreting written symbols. Facility in reading is an essential factor in educational progress, and instruction in this basic skill is a primary purpose of elementary education.
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, writing, spelling, or arithmeticarithmetic,
branch of mathematics commonly considered a separate branch but in actuality a part of algebra. Conventionally the term has been most widely applied to simple teaching of the skills of dealing with numbers for practical purposes, e.g.
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. They may affect people of average or above-average intelligence. Learning disabilities include conditions referred to as perceptual handicaps, minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), dyslexiadyslexia
, in psychology, a developmental disability in reading or spelling, generally becoming evident in early schooling. To a dyslexic, letters and words may appear reversed, e.g., d seen as b or was seen as saw.
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, developmental aphasia, and attentional deficit disorder (ADD); they do not include learning problems due to physical handicaps (e.g., impaired sight or hearing, or orthopedic disabilities), mental retardationmental retardation,
below average level of intellectual functioning, usually defined by an IQ of below 70 to 75, combined with limitations in the skills necessary for daily living.
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, emotional disturbance, or cultural or environmental disadvantage. Techniques for remediation are highly individualized, including the simultaneous use of several senses (sight, hearing, touch), slow-paced instruction, and repetitive exercises to help make perceptual distinctions. Students are also assisted in compensating for their disabilities; for example, one with a writing disability may use a tape recorder for taking notes or answering essay questions. Behavior often associated with learning disabilities includes hyperactivity (hyperkinesis), short attention span, and impulsiveness. School programs for learning-disabled students range from a modified or supplemental program in regular classes to placement in a special school, depending upon the severity of the disability. The field of learning disabilities is considered to have emerged as a separate discipline in 1947 with the publication of the book Psychopathology and Education of the Brain-Injured Child by neuropsychiatrist Alfred A. Strauss and Laura E. Lehtinen. The need to help students with these disabilities was first recognized on the federal level in 1958, when Congress appropriated $1 million to train teachers for the mentally retarded. Famous people considered to have had a learning disability include Winston Churchill, Thomas Edison, and Nelson Rockefeller.
References in periodicals archive ?
We believe this reduction will mean negative consequences for the LD nursing workforce, affecting the communities of north Wales and people with learning disabilities.
This will only further de-skill, de-motivate and disenfranchise Learning Disabilities nursing within Bangor University.
The situation reflects a national trend as overall more than two-thirds of women with learning disabilities in England failed to have a smear test in the five years to 2017/18.
So if you are a carer of a patient with learning disabilities, and you have an idea about how their needs could be better met in our hospitals, please do tell our staff.
"We want to engage with communities and individuals in Renfrewshire to show them that people who have learning disabilities are just that - people.
In 2016 ABMU launched its learning disabilities acute hospital liaison service in Morriston Hospital and now has full-time learning disability liaison nurses working for the health board.
For the past decade SeeAbility, a charity of which I'm a trustee, has been on the ground, working with colleagues in the eye care professions, people with learning disabilities and their supporters, to deliver a more equal right to sight.
Learning disabilities can be classified into two main groups: 1) Learning disabilities that the Central Government considered them as basic psychological processes.
British Journal of Learning Disabilities; 29, pp45-50.
The District had no other program to refer Jeffrey to, and therefore, it recommended that he attend a private school that specialized in learning disabilities. The private school was not available until grade 4 and so Jeffrey had to stay at his existing school as he struggled to read and his self-esteem dropped.
27 ( ANI ): About 10 percent of population is affected by specific learning disabilities (SLDs), like dyslexia, dyscalculia and autism, a new study has found.

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