medical jurisprudence

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Related to legal medicine: forensic medicine

medical jurisprudence

or

forensic medicine,

the application of medical science to legal problems. It is typically involved in cases concerning blood relationship, mental illness, injury, or death resulting from violence. Autopsy (see post-mortem examinationpost-mortem examination
or autopsy,
systematic examination of a cadaver for study or for determining the cause of death. Post-mortems use many methodical procedures to determine the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases, for epidemologic purposes, for establishment of
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) is often used to determine the cause of death, particularly in cases where foul play is suspected. Post-mortem examination can determine not only the immediate agent of death (e.g. gunshot wound, poison), but may also yield important contextual information, such as how long the person has been dead, which can help trace the killing. Forensic medicine has also become increasingly important in cases involving rape. Modern techniques use such specimens as semen, blood, and hair samples of the criminal found in the victim's bodies, which can be compared to the defendant's genetic makeup through a technique known as DNA fingerprintingDNA fingerprinting
or DNA profiling,
any of several similar techniques for analyzing and comparing DNA from separate sources, used especially in law enforcement to identify suspects from hair, blood, semen, or other biological materials found at the scene of a violent
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; this technique may also be used to identify the body of a victim. The establishment of serious mental illness by a licensed psychologist can be used in demonstrating incompetency to stand trial, a technique which may be used in the insanity defense (see insanityinsanity,
mental disorder of such severity as to render its victim incapable of managing his affairs or of conforming to social standards. Today, the term insanity is used chiefly in criminal law, to denote mental aberrations or defects that may relieve a person from the legal
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), albeit infrequently.

Bibliography

See C. C. Malik, A Short Textbook of Medical Jurisprudence (1985); C. Wecht, ed., Legal Medicine (1987).

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In practice, health professionals interviewed during the facilities assessment indicated that they would treat the immediate medical and psychological needs of victims of sexual violence and then refer them to the Institute for Legal Medicine for forensic examination and evidence collection.
is Professor of Legal Medicine in the Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health of University of Padua.
Biostatistics for mixed stain: The case of tested relatives of a non-tested suspect, International Journal of Legal Medicine (2000) 114:78-82.
Kapp, "Teaching Legal Medicine in Medical Schools" (1987)8 J.
Ijiri is a senior member of the Tokyo-based Japanese Society of Legal Medicine and also serves as head of a research panel on child abuse.
McGrane is a member of the Dade County Defense Bar Association, the Florida Defense Lawyers Association, the Florida Medical Malpractice Claims Counsel, the American Academy of Hospital Attorneys, the American College of Legal Medicine, and the South Florida Society for Healthcare Risk Management.
France's leading legal medicine expert in the 1890s, Alexandre Lacassagne, was certain that the serial rapist/murder Joseph Vacher was a sadist but sane.
Jose Gregorio Mesa, acting director of the Colombian Institute of Legal Medicine, told reporters.
Writing in the Journal of Legal Medicine, Munro asserts, "A major portion of prescription drugs in this country are going to be dispensed to patients in the absence of direct pharmacist/patient relationships.
Unlike regulations for pharmaceuticals, there is no process to permit exclusive health claims for nutritional products based on proprietary research,- notes William Curran, professor of legal medicine at Harvard University and, along with Rivlin, a member of the board of directors of The Foundation for Innovation in Medicine.