Legalization

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Legalization

 

the affirmation of the authenticity of signatures of competent officials on documents. As a rule, documents drawn up abroad are accepted in another country if they are legalized by the consul of the state in which the document was drawn up. Documents to be used in a foreign country may also be legalized by that country’s consul in the state whose agencies have drawn up the document. The legalization takes the form of an attesting endorsement by the consul on the documents.

The right of Soviet consuls to legalize documents is based on Article 58 of the Consular Charter of the USSR and on corresponding articles of consular conventions concluded by the USSR with other countries. Foreign documents are accepted in the USSR if they are legalized by a consul. Documents may be accepted without legalization by judicial bodies or if acceptance was stipulated in legislation or in specific international agreements. For example, on the basis of reciprocity legalization is not required for applications by foreigners for inventions. Legalization is not required for documents drawn up in countries with which the USSR has concluded agreements on legal assistance in civil, family, and criminal cases and agreements on social security.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Research carried out by the Centre for Social Justice (CSJ) last year showed that legalisation would mean millions of new users, a sharp uptick in frequency among existing users, and hundreds of thousands of people gripped by addiction.
However, in a post-debate vote, the majority in favour of legalisation had increased, with the motion, declared as won.
Hash talk Students debated legalisation of marijuana
Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero promoted the legalisation of gay marriage, including adoption rights, and a law allowing abortion on demand for women 16 years and older during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy.
She added: "Moving to total legalisation would, in our view, greatly exacerbate the harm to people in this country, not reduce it.
Legalisation may remove the criminal element from the equation, but it does nothing to alleviate the misery, heartbreak and suffering felt by the friends and family of those who abuse drugs.
He also claimed that if the Tories supported legalisation it would make them more popular with young voters.
It has been like a ping-pong match for more than 30 years and is one of the most polemic issues facing Swiss politics and culture today: the legalisation of marijuana.
Leading doctors have made a call for the legalisation of cannabis for recreational and medicinal use.
Two-thirds of Mexicans are against decriminalizing marijuana, according to an opinion poll published on Tuesday, just days after a Supreme Court ruling that opened the door to an eventual legalisation.
CONTROVERSIAL police chief Richard Brunstrom has called for the legalisation and regulation of all drugs in a new report.
And Tony Banks and Overseas Development minister Clare Short believe there should be an inquiry into legalisation.