Legists

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Legists

 

(1) Medieval jurists who helped disseminate Roman law in Western Europe. As advocates of centralized royal power, they called for the restriction of the jurisdiction of the manorial and ecclesiastic courts, as well as for municipal self-government. During the reception of Roman law in France, the legists included some of its norms in collections of provincial legal customs, which sometimes resulted in radical changes in the old law in the spirit of the Roman tradition. For example, under the influence of the legists, the old French rule of the division of an inheritance among sons was replaced by the principle of inheritance by all the children of the legator irrespective of sex and the equal distribution of the legacy among them. One of the most famous legists, the French jurist Beaumanoir, compiled a collection of French common law entitled The Customs of Beauvaisis.

(2) Ancient Chinese thinkers from the fifth to the third century B.C. The best-known legist was the scholar and political figure Shang Yang (390–338 B.C.).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Following one Mexican legist's analysis of the popular origins of the Constitution of 1917, the authors affirm that this constitution was justified "by moral and social necessity." At the same time, the liberal heritage of the report is evident in the equation of federalism with the protection of rights.
Expertul legist poate cere relatii suplimentare organului de urmarire penala sau instantei de judecata, necesare realizarii expertizei, inlaturand, astfel, erorile ce pot aparea (prin nepunerea la dispozitia expertului a tuturor datelor necesare evaluarii corecte, excesul de influenta prin acceptarea numai a anumitor date si incercarea de a obtine de la expert concluzii ce sustin aceste date, acceptarea necritica si absolutizarea concluziilor medicale fara a le corela cu celelalte probe).
Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK) took a surprising decision yesterday and assigned Zafer Baskurt, the legist expected to lead the case, to Gebze as a judge.
In Romania, cadrul juridic si organizatoric al expertizei medico-legale, implicit legislatia nationala in vigoare prevad faptul ca expertiza medico-legala psihiatrica se efectueaza de catre o comisie alcatuita dintr-un medic legist care este si presedintele comisiei si doi medici psihiatri, cu mentiunea ca--in cazul expertizei la minori--este indicat ca psihiatrul sa aiba specialitatea de psihiatrie pediatrica, iar din comisie sa faca parte si un psiholog.
Legist members of the Supreme Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK) asked the judges and prosecutors who are suspects under cases like Balyoz to be changed.
In the Islamic intellectual history, the greatest of scientists al-Kindi, Ibn al-Haytham, al-Khwarizmi, al-Biruni, and Ibn Shatir were accompanied by "humanists" such as the great master of prosody Khalil ibn Ahmad, the literary giant al-Jahiz, the monumental historian al-Tabari, the "father of sociology" Ibn Khaldun, the superb legist al-Shafici and the artists and architects of the grand Mosque of Cordoba.
Sources said that HSYK's legist members wanted to appoint 2 alternate members to the courts in charge of the Ergenekon case and to remove from office Istanbul Deputy Chief Public Prosecutor Turan Colakkadi and Ergenekon prosecutors.
Though this staunch legist's career ended in limbo and even with the committal of the ultimate sin of a German civil servant, the embezzlement of state funds for personal use, his contribution to the Third Reich's functioning was real and significant.
Alberto Lupano discusses the teaching and a work of the legist Aimone Cravetta (1504-69) who taught at Ferrara, 1548-49.
340-44) or the eccentric Hanbali legist of Damascus, Ibn Taymiyya (pp.
Turkish Confederation of Businessmen and Industrialists (TUSKON), Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association (TUSIAD), Independent Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association (MUSIAD) and Association of Anatolian Businessmen (ASKON), which were visited by Justice and Development (AK) Party's legist members, all agreed that Turkey needed a new constitution.
In addition to court prose, he was also a legist (skilled in legal cases, theories, and precedent texts).