legitimation crisis


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legitimation crisis

the tendency of modern political systems, which depend on ‘consent’ for their maintenance of political AUTHORITY, to meet major problems amounting to ‘crisis’ in doing so. Such problems are seen as arising especially from contradictions and conflicts between the logic of capitalist accumulation and escalating demands for social welfare, as well as demands for increased participation and social equality.

From a neo-Marxist point of view, in Legitimation Crisis (1975) HABERMAS identified three main ‘crisis tendencies’ in capitalist societies:

  1. economic crisis, arising from fact that the state acting as the unconscious ‘executive organ of the law or value’ acts as the planning agent of ‘united monopoly capital’;
  2. rationality crisis, the ‘destruction of administrative rationality’ which occurs through: (i) the opposing interests of individual capitalists (e.g. between monopoly and non-monopoly forms of capitalism), (ii) the production (necessary for continued existence of the system) of structures ‘foreign to the system’, such as welfare provision (including new types of welfare workers with new values);
  3. legitimation and motivation crises arising from the politicization of administrative interventions which results from the above, and from the erosion of previously important traditions (e.g. deference) and the ‘overloading’ of the existing political and economic system ‘through universalistic value-systems (‘new’ needs)’.

Habermas's suggestion was that the state in future may prove unable to manage the tensions between competing values which such tendencies involve, especially in a context which encourages a new emphasis on rational critical discourse. In most Western states over the last decade, however, the tendencies to crisis (FISCAL CRISIS IN THE CAPITALIST STATE, as well as ‘legitimation crisis’) have been handled by rolling back the WELFARE STATE, a refashioning of justifications for the market economy, and by programmes of privatization, etc. See also THATCHERISM.

References in periodicals archive ?
Habermas gave two kinds of identity crisis: "legitimation crisis" where a person is unable to fulfill its commitments made by one and "motivational crisis" where a person struggles to make commitments (407-408).
En el primer capitulo (From Legitimation Crisis to Fiscal Crisis), Streeck plantea que el origen de la crisis--como la de los anos setenta--fue de legitimacion del capitalismo de postguerra como sistema social, que habia resuelto las tensiones entre el capital y el trabajo, conciliando expectativas mutuas y permitido la coexistencia equilibrada entre democracia y capitalismo, situacion que, salvo excepciones, no se habia dado antes de 1945.
For Fraser, awareness of and reaction against a legitimation crisis 'can lead to the sort of deep-structural transformation of the financialised capitalist order that is needed to resolve in an emancipatory way all the strands of the multidimensional crisis complex' (2014).
Specific subjects covered include, supercomplexity and the university, the legitimation crisis in higher education, learning for an unknown future, and many others.
In both instances, there is a legitimation crisis of the sorts that defies traditional reforms.
The project investigates the hypothesis that the EU s looming legitimation crisis has partially been contained by the discursive-symbolic construction of hierarchies between debtor and creditor states and their constituent societies.
It is a well-rehearsed legitimation crisis, whether dealing with LGBTIQ or traditional subject matter such as philosophy, that an introductory chapter has to make a case for an African-centered perspective.
Habermas, Jurgen 1973 Legitimation Crisis. Boston: Beacon.
When the CCP was faced with a legitimation crisis after Deng Xiaoping's modernization policies, the breakdown of the Communist bloc in Eastern Europe, and the Tiananmen massacre of 1989, the party sought to fill the ideological void by starting a patriotic education campaign in 1991.
From the information provided about victims' experiences of criminal justice in Nigeria, the reader learns a great deal about the effects of a nation undergoing a "legitimation crisis" on the criminal justice process; the Nigerian government is not respected by its citizens, and most believe that the politicians are themselves criminal and corrupt.
This legitimation crisis led to Ingram's clarion call for a proper science of society, namely sociology, which should be established to replace political economy.
"legitimation crisis" at the time of the Murdoch media scandal