Legitimism


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Legitimism

 

a political principle advanced by the French diplomat Talleyrand at the Congress of Vienna in 1814–15 to justify and defend the territorial interests of France and, in particular, to preserve the borders existing on Jan. 1, 1792, and prevent Prussian expansion.

According to the principle of legitimism, no one has the right to dispose of a crown or territory until its legitimate owner has formally relinquished his right to it. The possessions taken away from their “legal” sovereign must be returned to him. According to Talleyrand, Europe needed to banish forever any possibility of acquiring the right to a territory by a sheer conquest and to restore the sacred principle of legitimism, which ensures order and stability. The principle of legitimism was not adopted by the Congress of Vienna because it contradicted the annexation plans of tsarist Russia and of Prussia.

The term “legitimism” is also used in another sense: the loyalty to the “legal” (legitimate) dynasty of the Bourbons in France. This term arose after the July Revolution of 1830, which brought Louis Philippe of Orléans to the French throne. In a more general sense, any supporter of an overthrown monarchy is called a legitimist.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet, it is also Roth's view that "the prospect of a new democratic legitimism replacing the effective control doctrine ...
"Reaction" (including "legitimism" and "liberalism") ranged between 300 and 350 for the same period.
Initially, because of how it is situated within what Elisabeth Roudinesco calls "Lacanian legitimism" (428), the Almanac of Psychoanalysis: Psychoanalytic Stories after Freud and Lacan may seem as interesting for the politics it exhibits as for the essays and other pieces included in it.
Legitimism and mockery were two aspects of the same political discourse.
Finally, she is a symbol of an ideal past, and can therefore be equated with those displaced aristocrats who, like the Venus, would haunt the July Monarchy with the specter of legitimism.
Petersburg under Nicholas I's "cosmopolitan legitimism" (Paul Bushkovitch), but in establishing an Orthodox suffragan bishop in Riga in 1836 (which became an independent bishopric in 1850), the government, however unintentionally, created a cultural front for the future.
Governmental Illegitimacy in International Law elaborately argues two politically relevant propositions: (1) that the case for the democratic entitlement as the emerging norm in international law is weaker than is generally supposed; and (2) that liberal-democratic legitimism (i.e., the use of the democratic entitlement as the basis for disregarding a government's legal prerogatives) is dangerous both to self-determination and to peace.
"Memory and Fidelity in French Legitimism: Cretineau-Joly and the Vend&." Nineteenth-Century Contexts 21.4 (2000): 593-610.
(68) Nolde, to be sure, noted that within the bureaucracy there was a "contest between pure legitimism and officials of progressive tendencies, and [it] was won by the latter." But the fruits of the 1905 Revolution, in Nolde's telling, derived not so much from the "all-nation struggle" as from the pragmatism of what he termed the "progressive bureaucracy." (69) Clearly, his father's role in the debates over the Fundamental Laws, and his own experience at the center of MID, the government's most progressive ministry, had shaped his reading of these events.
Lukacs, in The Historical Novel, writes: "The ideal of Legitimism is to return to pre-Revolutionary conditions, that is, to eradicate from history the greatest historical events of the epoch" (26; my emphasis).
In the first half of the 1830s, Lyon had newspapers representing all the major tendencies of French politics and culture: pro and anti-regime varieties of liberalism, democratic republicanism, Catholic and royalist legitimism. Lyon was also home to the first solidly established working-class newspapers in France, as well as to a feminist periodical and a radical, satirical press.