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act of giving the status of legitimacy to a child whose parents were not married at the time the child was born. This is generally accomplished by the subsequent marriage of the parents. Under the common law, legitimation by this process was not allowed, although that rule came under the displeasure of the church. It was not until 1926 that a statute was passed in England allowing legitimation by subsequent marriage. In the United States, legitimation by subsequent marriage is the general rule. In some states there are, moreover, special judicial proceedings for the legitimation of a child. In other states one or both of the parents may adopt the child. See bastardbastard,
person born out of wedlock whose legal status is illegitimacy. In civil law countries and in about half the states of the United States, the union of the parents in marriage after birth makes the child legitimate.
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the manner and the process in which a STATE or POLITICAL SYSTEM receives justification. See LEGITIMATE AUTHORITY, LEGITIMATION CRISIS.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) In bourgeois states that do not have a passport system legitimation is a way of establishing a citizen’s identity. On the request of competent authorities, a citizen is required to produce identification documents.

(2) In bourgeois civil law, legitimation is proof of a citizen’s right to receive payment or to perform an action, for example, a license to use a patent.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
But, if we have learned anything from the current crisis, it is that such issues cannot even be framed unless and until the eurozone has a reliable institutional framework, with a sturdy foundation consisting of a real government, effective parliamentary control, and genuine democratic legitimization.
But the legitimization of power is generally subordinate in the American dream to the fact that the concept of a divine favor upon the nation implies a commitment "to lead in the regeneration of mankind." Among us, as well as among communists, an excessive voluntarism which finally brings human history under the control of the human will is in tentative, but not in final, contradiction to a determinism which finds historical destiny favorable at some particular point to man's assumption of mastery over that destiny.
The more disasters occur, the stronger reasons to reduce the legitimization of his government,'' Aly said.
"What Sharon is seeking from the United States is the legitimization of this conquest-by-stealth.
One of the most interesting chapters describes the development of the strengths case management model at the University of Kansas School of Social Welfare and how this model found what Floersch would call scientific legitimization. In a chapter on the oral and written narratives of case management, Floersch analyzes the work of case managers using a strengths perspective.
These writers emphasize the very roots of their "profession" in ancient times: in other words, they were so aware of the novelty of the profession itself that they searched for a legitimization in a mythical past.
During the course of the book, Ferguson high-lights how a child becomes classified as a troublemaker and the impact of being labeled and disciplined as a troublemaker; she also examines the lack of actual teaching and cultural competency in the classroom and makes a case for the legitimization of Ebonics.
In the early chapters dust is conflated with dirt and filth but no legitimization for this move is provided.
Individual knowledge is merely opinion without the legitimization provided by its acceptance as a part of social knowledge.
"She has created a public legitimization of reading in groups, with her TV program, recommended books, and by saying that it's not only important to read but to be in situations where you talk about what you're reading."
CAMERON: As a legitimization of inaction, it's appalling.
One theme that emerged from the interview data was the existence of a large number of differing knowledge classes related to social situations, the legitimization of knowledge, and the practice of community development.