lemur


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lemur

(lē`mər), name for prosimians, or lower primatesprimate,
member of the mammalian order Primates, which includes humans, apes, monkeys, and prosimians, or lower primates. The group can be traced to the late Cretaceous period, where members were forest dwellers.
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, of two related families, found only on Madagascar and adjacent islands. Lemurs have monkeylike bodies and limbs, and most have bushy tails about as long as the body. They have pointed muzzles and large eyes. The fingers and toes have flat nails, except the second toe, which has a stout claw. Most lemurs lead an arboreal existence. Most lemur species are endangered or threatened, due mainly to habitat destruction.

The woolly lemurs (family Lemuridae) are agile animals with woolly coats. They vary in size from the lesser mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), about 8 in. (20 cm) long including the tail, to some species of common woolly lemur (Lemur) that reach about 4 ft (120 cm) in length. They forage in trees and on the ground in large family groups and engage in social grooming. Most types are active both by day and by night. Their diet, which varies with the species, may include leaves, fruits, eggs, and insects and other small animals. Some build nests of leaves and branches in trees. The best-known species, the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), is atypical, spending most of the time on the ground. Its fur is gray and its tail ringed with black and white stripes.

Members of the other lemur family (Indriidae) are sometimes called silky lemurs. They are larger, slower-moving, strictly vegetarian animals; most have silky coats. One member of this family, the indri (Indri indri), has no tail.

The aye-ayeaye-aye
, name for an aberrant primate, Daubentonia madagascariensis, related to the lemurs but distinguished by its specialized teeth and fingers. A large nocturnal and arboreal primate, it is found in dense bamboo forests in two isolated regions of Madagascar.
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 is closely related to the lemurs. The so-called flying lemurflying lemur,
gliding mammal native to the tropical lowland forests of S Asia, Malaya, and the Philippines. Also called the colugo, the flying lemur is brownish or grayish above and paler below. It ranges in length from 14 to 17 in. (36–43 cm), plus a 12-in. (30-cm) tail.
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 is not a primate, but a member of a different mammalian order. Lemurs are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, families Lemuridae and Indriidae.

Bibliography

See A. Jolly, Lemur Behavior (1966).

Lemur

 

a genus of prosimians of the family Lemuridae. There are five species: the black lemur (L. macaco), the ring-tailed lemur (L. catta), the ruffed lemur (L. variegatus), the red-bellied lemur (L. rubriventer), and the mongoose lemur (L. mongoz) They are distributed on Madagascar and nearby islands.

lemur

[′lē·mər]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for members of the primate family Lemuridae; characterized by long tails, foxlike faces, and scent glands on the shoulder region and wrists.

lemur

1. any Madagascan prosimian primate of the family Lemuridae, such as Lemur catta (the ring-tailed lemur). They are typically arboreal, having foxy faces and long tails
2. any similar or closely related animal, such as a loris or indris

Lemur

A music controller app for iOS and Android from Liine (www.liine.net) that allows users to create a custom mixing panel for their sound devices. Any hardware or software that accepts MIDI or OSC signals can be controlled with Lemur. See OSC and MIDI.
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The team measured the rate at which female lemurs presented themselves which was the barometer for how effective these displays were.
lt;B Ring-tailed lemurs Mavis and Ethel, who are twin sisters, with their 10-day-old babies after they both gave birth hours apart at Bristol Zoo
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THE lemurs of Madagascar may be loveable but some species are endangered and face an unsure future.
A survey by the IUCN determines that lemurs are the most endangered primates in the world, with all but 9 of the 103 known species of lemurs in danger of becoming extinct in the next 20 years.
If a spurned lady lemur craved access to my tent for amorous and/or vengeful reasons, I have no doubt that she could obtain it.
TWIN lemurs have moved to Twycross Zoo as part of a breeding programme for the endangered species.
Ring-tailed lemurs come from the island of Madagascar off the southeast coast of Africa.