Leporidae

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Related to leporid: leporid mammal, lagomorph

Leporidae

[lə′pȯr·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of mammals in the order Lagomorpha including the rabbits and hares.

Leporidae

 

a family of mammals of the order of Lagomorpha. There are eight genera: the hares (one genus), the bristly rabbits (three genera), and the rabbits (four genera); they encompass 50 species. Individual species have adapted to fast running, digging, swimming, and clambering. They are found throughout the world except the island of Madagascar, the southern regions of South America, and Antarctica. Leporidae live in the most diverse conditions. They feed on grassy plants and the roots, buds, and branches of varieties of trees. They multiply as often as four times annually, bearing two to eight (and up to 15) offspring.

Hares lead a very mobile and individual life, without permanent shelter. The young are born directly onto the ground, open-eyed, covered with fur, and capable of locomotion. They can feed themselves when only a few days old.

Rabbits live in burrows in colonies. Their young are born naked, blind, and helpless. Many species of Leporidae are exploited commercially or for sport; some species have been acclimatized by man for such purposes, such as the true rabbit and the hare. Some species cause great damage to pastures, fruit orchards, and forest plantings. Individual species spread the carriers of natural infectious diseases. Five species of Leporidae are found in the USSR: the Manchurian hare (Caprolagus brachyurus), the Old World rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), the white hare (Lepus timidus), the brown hare (L. europaeus), and the Tolai hare (L. tolai).

O. L. ROSSOLIMO

References in periodicals archive ?
(2009): "The Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) as a leporid remains accumulator: taphonomic analysis of modern rabbit remains recovered from nests of this predator", International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 19, pp.
is calculated using the mass balance equation Carbon Isotope Composition of Leporid Samples.-When multiple analyses were run from the same specimen (replicates), the multiple [[delta].sup.13]C values of those replicates were averaged (Table 1) and this value was considered to be representative of the animal.
Interestingly, the early sequences (3050-2400 YBP) at site 41MM340, which have higher [C.sub.4] signature in leporid collagen, are dominated by jackrabbits.
To infer paleovegetation patterns, this study uses [[delta].sup.13]C of bone collagen from leporids, specifically Lepus calif brnicus (black-tailed jackrabbit) and Sylvilagus sp.
As a control to assess procedural accuracy and laboratory consistency, samples from one modern white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virgin/anus), collected from the Edwards Plateau in Central Texas, were processed and analyzed along with each set of leporids analyzed.
(2008a): Taphonomic study of leporid remains accumulated by the Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti).
(2008b): Taphonomic analysis of leporid remains obtained from modern Iberin lynx (Lynxpardinus) scats.
(1999): Structural density assays of leporid skeletal elements with implications for taphonomic, actualistic and archaeological research.
(2004a): Les leporides dans la subsistancepaleolithique du sud de la France.
Also the natural mortality patterns are important assemblage factors, for these reason is important to know and distinguish the different processes and the characteristics that the every agents made in the bones accumulations of leporids. The analysis generated in the last years of fragmentation patterns, the fracture morphology, the bones traces, the age patterns, the distribution anterior versus posterior limbs and the skeletal profiles are the analytics tools that we can use for to distinguishing the different assemblages factors of rabbits.
(2004a): "Influence de l'age des proles sur les characteristiques des accumulations de leporides produites par le hibou grand-duc".
-- (2004b): "Etude taphonomique des leporides d'une taniere de renard actuelle: apport d'un referentiel a la reconnaissance des accumulations anthropiques", Revue de Paleobiologie, 23 (2), pp.