Leprosarium

(redirected from leprosaria)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.
Related to leprosaria: leprosariums

leprosarium

[‚lep·rə′sar·ē·əm]
(medicine)
An institution for the treatment of lepers.

Leprosarium

 

a specialized medical facility engaged in the active detection, isolation, and treatment of leprosy; the clinical observation of persons who have come into contact with lepers; the outpatient treatment of discharged patients; and the organization of immunization to prevent the disease. In addition, it is an organizational and methods center for the control of leprosy.

Leprosariums are established in areas in which leprosy is endemic, usually in a rural setting. In the USSR, leprosariums are maintained at state expense; in capitalist countries they are generally organized by the national Red Cross and charitable institutions. In some countries, such as Brazil and India, lepers are not isolated but are treated on an outpatient basis, since available leprosariums are unable to accommodate everyone suffering from the disease.

A leprosarium consists of a hospital, an outpatient section, and an epidemiological section. Patients are assigned to living quarters and subsidiary farms where they can work in agriculture and a variety of crafts. Patients stay in the leprosarium from several months to several years, depending on the type and severity of the disease. The service personnel usually live at the leprosarium, but in areas clearly separated (for example, by a stand of trees) from the patients’ quarters.

R. S. BABAIANTS

References in periodicals archive ?
By the 1220s, Paris alone had forty-five leprosaria and Europe as a whole possessed several thousand.
In agreement with Watts, Risse identifies France as the center of leprosaria construction.
Moore maintains that leprosaria might have begun as charitable institutions, but they evolved into tools to isolate lepers and persecute them.
The Carolingian rulers, Pepin III and his illustrious son Charlemagne, mention the disease in their cartularies, but thereafter, references to leprosy and to leprosaria almost disappear from West European sources until the epidemic of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries described by Porter, Watts, Risse, Moore, and Brody.
There were also economic reasons including cheap land close to the leprosaria.
There has been insufficient research published on leprosaria and associated residents, probably due to the taboo factor.
It is ironical that the cry of Abolitionists, in the first days of the anti-slavery movement, is still applicable to leprosaria in Nigeria; "Am I not a man and a brother?
Whether in hospitals, leprosaria, or prostitute shelters, order and discipline were being promoted continually through an identifiable "template of religious observance" (261).
Its work includes the conduct of leprosaria, hospitals and infirmaries, help to the aged, and the distribution of emergency aid to disaster-stricken countries.