Leprosarium

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leprosarium

[‚lep·rə′sar·ē·əm]
(medicine)
An institution for the treatment of lepers.

Leprosarium

 

a specialized medical facility engaged in the active detection, isolation, and treatment of leprosy; the clinical observation of persons who have come into contact with lepers; the outpatient treatment of discharged patients; and the organization of immunization to prevent the disease. In addition, it is an organizational and methods center for the control of leprosy.

Leprosariums are established in areas in which leprosy is endemic, usually in a rural setting. In the USSR, leprosariums are maintained at state expense; in capitalist countries they are generally organized by the national Red Cross and charitable institutions. In some countries, such as Brazil and India, lepers are not isolated but are treated on an outpatient basis, since available leprosariums are unable to accommodate everyone suffering from the disease.

A leprosarium consists of a hospital, an outpatient section, and an epidemiological section. Patients are assigned to living quarters and subsidiary farms where they can work in agriculture and a variety of crafts. Patients stay in the leprosarium from several months to several years, depending on the type and severity of the disease. The service personnel usually live at the leprosarium, but in areas clearly separated (for example, by a stand of trees) from the patients’ quarters.

R. S. BABAIANTS

References in periodicals archive ?
Discharged residents often chose to live in settlements near the leprosaria. These were precarious communities, set up without planning or infrastructure.
He claims that the medieval Church excluded lepers from society by imprisoning them in leprosaria and then justified this harsh treatment by depicting leprosy as punishment for one's sins.
Soon, scientists from all over the world converged in Culion, making it the world's most organized and equipped leprosaria.
(2,4,5) In the Pacific region (island countries in the ethnogeographic region of Polynesia- Figure 1 (6)) where conditions in leprosaria were poor, such as in Tonga and Samoa, or had been set up in old prison sites and patient movement was restricted, as occurred in New Caledonia.
That leprosaria were constructed on the urban fringes and often administered by these women religious indicates that the ideal of apostolic charity was also played out in these spaces.
The first and longer, by Nicholas Orme, is partly a general narrative of hospital foundations from the Norman Conquest to the Reformation (with much attention given to leprosaria) and partly a set of analytical chapters covering hospitals' legal position, siting, functions (liturgical, pastoral, medical, educational), organization, inmates, and resources.
Soon, scientists from all over the world converged in Culion making it the worlds most organized and equipped leprosaria.
For example, in the cities of Recife and Salvador, where the number of cases of leprosy was already considered to be very high, leprosaria were opened in 1714 and 1787, respectively.
Leprosaria were abolished in Nigeria with the long-term plan of providing community-based treatment programmes.
People who had leprosy in the past were forced by law to live in leprosaria or colonies.
Role of leprosy villages and leprosaria in Shandong Province.