Bandoh, "Rheumatoid leptomeningitis
: rare complication of rheumatoid arthritis," Clinical Rheumatology, vol.
Necropsies of the dead manatees revealed severe catarrhal rhinitis, pulmonary hemorrhage and edema, and nonsuppurative leptomeningitis
, as well as possible chronic hemolytic anemia with multiorgan hemosiderosis and evidence of neurotoxicity.
In addition to causing TBM, TB infection in the CNS also can cause serous meningitis, tuberculomas, brain abscesses, and spinal leptomeningitis
(Starke & Smith, 1998).
We also recorded the presence of infectious and neoplastic CNS entities that were not encompassed in the preceding categories: HIV encephalitis, aseptic leptomeningitis
, and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, and CNS lymphoma.
B) Neonate 1: severe thinning of brain parenchyma (0.8 mm) with striking depletion of neuronal precursors and lymphocytic leptomeningitis
(original magnification x10).
Due to the new findings on CT scan an MRI was ordered, which showed subtle increased T2/flair signal interdigitating between the gyri, concerning for leptomeningitis
Elkind, "Rheumatoid leptomeningitis
after heart transplantation," Neurology, vol.
A common manifestation of CNS tuberculosis is leptomeningitis
, while other manifestations of CNS-TB are focal parenchymal granulomas.