lespedeza


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Related to lespedeza: Lespedeza cuneata

lespedeza

(lĕs'pədē`zə) or

bush clover,

any plant of the genus Lespedeza, leguminous herbs or undershrubs of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family); native to North America, Asia, and Australia. Lespedezas are valuable for hay and pasturage and, in conservation, for game cover and erosion control. They are hot weather plants that grow well in poor soils. The Asian species, e.g., the common lespedeza, or Japanese clover (L. striata), are the ones usually cultivated, and several have been naturalized in the SE United States. Lespedeza is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lespedeza

 

a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. They are perennial and, less often, annual grasses, subshrubs, or shrubs. The leaves are usually ternate. The flowers, which are purple, pink, or white, are sometimes apetalous and cleistogamous; they are in axillary racemes and, more rarely, in paniculate inflorescences. The pod is small, lenticular, with a single seed. There are approximately 100 species, distributed in the Himalayas, East and South Asia, North America, and Australia. Seven species are found in the USSR, in the southern Far East, and in parts of Eastern Siberia. Bicolor lespedeza (Lespedeza bicolor), a shrub measuring 1–1.5 m high, is nectar-bearing and is used to combat erosion. Japanese deer feed on bicolor lespedeza. Korean lespedeza (L. stipulacea) is a perennial silage and pasture plant. Japan clover (L. striata) is cultivated in some countries for forage. Some species, including bicolor lespedeza, are sometimes raised as ornamentals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

lespedeza

[‚les·pə′dē·zə]
(botany)
Any of various legumes of the genus Lespedeza having trifoliate leaves, small purple pea-shaped blossoms, and one seed per pod.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Because most of the exotic cover among the sites was due to the presence of Lespedeza cuneata and Lonicera japonica, additional correlations were performed for each with total percent native cover for their respective functional categories.
Polygonum aviculare, Portulaca oleracea, Sanguisorba officinalis, Lespedeza cuneata, Tribulus terrestris, Pyrola rotundifolia, Verbena officinalis, and Veronicastrum sibiricum were processed into three different formulations (Figure 6).
Although eaten by quail, some legume seeds (such as roundhead lespedeza) contain high concentrations of condensed tannins that may limit their use as food (Springer et al., 2002).
Biological degradation of tannins in sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) by the white rot fungi Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Cyathus stercoreus analyzed by solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Apart from bacterial degradation, biological degradation of tannins in Sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) leaves by the white--rot fungi Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Cyathus stercoreus (Gamble et al., 1996) has been reported.
[Panicled tick-clover] Lespedeza texana Britton [Texas Ho, S N 2449 bush-clover] Prosopis glandulosa Torr.
Two particular targets are Sericea lespedeza, a shrubby legume native to Asia, and Canada thistle (Cirsium arvensis), a perennial with a vigorous rootstock.
A eficiencia no uso de coberturas mortas no manejo de plantas espontaneas, em pomar de macieira pode ser verificada em resultados obtidos por Shribbs & Skroch (1986) que avaliaram diferentes especies de gramineas (Triticum aestivum, Muhlenbergia shreberi, Poa pratensis, Dactylis glomerata, Festuca arundinaceum) e leguminosas (Rubus laciniatus, Lespedeza stipulaciea, Rumex acetosella, Ambrosia artimesifolia, Trifolium subterraneum) como materiais de cobertura, alem de solo nu e cobertura morta composta por palhada de Secale cereale.