Leukorrhea

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leukorrhea

[‚lü·kə′rē·ə]
(medicine)
A whitish, mucopurulent discharge from the female genital canal.

Leukorrhea

 

quantitatively and qualitatively altered discharges of the sex organs of women.

Leukorrhea is a frequent symptom of many gynecological diseases. It may appear in connection with gonorrhea, prolapse of the reproductive organs, malignant tumors, the use of thermal and chemical irritants (certain contraceptives), trichomoniasis, endocrine disorders, and so forth. The normal discharge from the female sex organs is insignificant, and women do not ordinarily notice it. In a healthy woman the discharges may increase before and after menstruation and during pregnancy and sexual excitement. In these cases the discharges are light in color, disappear quickly, and elicit no complaints. In diseases, leukorrhea flows out and causes an unpleasant sensation of constant moistness, itching, and burning. Leukorrhea may be white, transparent (vitreous), milky, yellow green (admixture of pus), or sanious (admixture of blood). Leukorrhea may be fluid or viscous. It may be odorless, odorous, or sometimes malodorous.

Leukorrheas are distinguished according to their site of origin. Vestibular leukorrhea, which arises in the vestibule of the vagina, is most often observed in young girls with various forms of vulvitis. Vestibular leukorrhea may occur in adults when the rules of personal hygiene are not observed; it may also occur in ulcerative processes and in diabetes mellitus. Most frequently observed are vaginal leukorrheas caused by inflammatory processes in the vagina—vaginitis, which is often associated with cases of trichomoniasis caused by fungal infection (yeast microorganisms) or with nonspecific vaginal inflammations caused by streptococci, colon bacilli, and staphylococci. Cervical leukorrhea, which arises in the cervix, appears in cases of acute and chronic gonorrhea, cancer, polyposis, and so forth. Uterine leukorrhea is rare (found in cases of endometritis). Salpingiar leukorrhea is a rare form that arises in the fallopian tubes as a result of their inflammation. It is characterized by periodic profuse discharge of purulent fluid.

To a considerable degree the causes of leukorrhea are conditioned by the age and hormonal state of a woman’s body. In children it is caused by intestinal bacteria, streptococci (after scarlet fever), and gonococci. In young women, leukorrhea is caused by hormonal disturbances. With the beginning of sexual activity, leukorrhea may be caused by trichomoniasis or by gonorrhea. During menopause, so-called senile vaginitis often occurs, accompanied by leukorrhea; it is associated with atrophy of the mucous membrane of the vagina and the vagina’s susceptibility to injury.

Preventive measures include periodic examinations for symptoms of gynecologic disease, provision of personal hygiene rooms for women at places of work, and labor protection measures. Treatment is directed at the removal of the basic pathological process causing the leukorrhea.

REFERENCES

Gurtovoi, L. E. “Obshschaia simptomatologiia i diagnostika gjnekologjcheskikh zabolevanii.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 4, book 1. Moscow, 1963.
Mandel’shtam, L. E. Semiotika i diagnostika zhenskikh boleznei, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1964.

V. A. POKROVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Sansevieria roxburghiana, used by the TMPs for treatment of leucorrhea is reportedly used by the Mali tribe of Munchingiputtu Mandal, Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh, India for treatment of dysentery [43].Celosia argentea has been described as an ethnomedicinal plant of Mansoora, Malegaon, India being used for treatment of diarrhea, mouth sores, eye diseases and also used as an aphrodisiac [1]; the plant was used by the TMPs for treatment of irregular menstruation.
The Kavirajes used leaf of Clitoria ternatea to treat leucorrhea. The roots of the plant have traditional uses for treatment of leucorrhea.
The human diseases that were treated by the practitioners included tuberculosis, pain, malaria, sexual disorders, vomiting tendency, gastrointestinal disorders, cataract, leucorrhea, burns, bleeding from gum, jaundice, respiratory tract disorders, burning sensations in hands or feet or body, helminthiasis, skin diseases, liver and kidney problems, bleeding, fever, leucorrhea, and vaginitis.
Powder from bark or wood of Santalum album was mixed with coconut fruit pulp and taken regularly as remedy for leucorrhea.
It is reported to be effective in the treatment of piles, dysentry, asthma, gonorrhea, gleet, menorrhagia, leucorrhea and hemoptysis, and urinary diseases (Anonymous, 1952; Kirtikar and Basu, 1975; Nadkarni et al.
of SIL Frank cases cancer LSIL HSIL Over all Prevalence rate Post 45 11 (24.4%) 4 (8.8%) 15 (33.3%) 7 (15.5) menopausal bleeding Leucorrhea 296 42 (14.2%) 4 (1.3%) 46 (15.5%) 5 (1.7%) Pain in 103 12 (11.6%) 0(0%) 12 (11.6%) 0 (0%) lower abdomen [chi square] = 46.581 p = 0.000
Kaviraj 3 also had a limited repertoire of ailments, which only included continuation of bleeding following childbirth, anemia, physical weakness, menstrual disorders, leucorrhea, gastrointestinal disorders, and jaundice.
They are used in the treatment of leucorrhea and atherosclerosis (Jeena and Kuttan, 1995).
For instance, the use of the plant against leucorrhea and urinary trouble has been reported from remote areas of Madhya Pradesh, India; folk medicinal practitioners of Natore and Rajshahi districts, Bangladesh; Chakma and Tonchongya tribes of Chittagong Hill Tracts Region, Bangladesh; folk medicinal practitioners of Naogaon district, Bangladesh; tribal communities of Kamrup district in Assam, India; people of Almora district, Uttarakhand, India; and Bhilala tribals in Buldhana district, Maharashtra State, India.
The fruits of Gymnopetalum cochinchinense and Solanum torvum were cooked as curry and eaten; for the former, it acted as a preventive measure against gastric ulcer, while for the latter, it acted as a preventive measure against leucorrhea, typhoid and tonsillitis, suggesting that the fruits have antimicrobial properties.