Leukoma

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leukoma

[lü′kō·mə]
(medicine)
A large and dense opacity of the cornea as a result of an ulcer, wound, or inflammation, which presents an appearance of ground glass.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Leukoma

 

corneal walleye, cicatricial changes in the cornea that more or less impair its transparency and penetrability by light.

Leukoma results from severe inflammations accompanied by severe injury to the corneal tissue or by ulceration (in gonorrhea, trachoma, tuberculosis, syphilis). It may also be a consequence of direct injury to the eye. Less commonly, it is congenital (inflammation during intrauterine development). The affected cornea acquires a characteristic whitish color, and visual acuity is diminished. Treatment involves the use of drugs (Dionin, mercuric ointment), physical therapy (diathermy, electrophoresis with potassium iodide), resorptive agents, tissue therapy, and keratoplasty.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.