leukonychia


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leukonychia

[‚lü·kō′nik·ē·ə]
(medicine)
Whitish discoloration or spotting of the fingernails.
References in periodicals archive ?
6 patients had nail discolouration, with 4 developing leukonychia, both punctate and band like, and 2 having diffuse nail plate hyperpigmentation.
The most frequent nail finding was roughening seen in 55 (93%) patients followed by transverse ridging and pitting, color change, thickening, dystrophy, subungual hyperkeratosis, onycholysis and leukonychia.
Idiopathic acquired leukonychia is a rare chromatic disorder of the nails not associated with other abnormalities and discernible etiology.
The NAPSI evaluates presence of signs in the nail bed (onycholysis, splinter hemorrhages, nail bed discoloration, and subungual hyperkeratosis) and on the nail matrix (pitting, leukonychia, red spots in the lunula and nail plate crumbling) in all 10 fingernails, providing a maximum score of 80 (Rich and Scher 2003).
Bianca AMANY people believe that white spots on the nails, called leukonychia, are linked to calcium deficiencies but this is not the case.
Other nail changes include koilonychias, onycholysis, onychomadesis, punctuate leukonychia, trachyonychia, Beau's lines and red lunulae (8-11).
Examination of the nails revealed opaque leukonychia of the distal nail plates of the fourth and fifth digits bilaterally.
However, those white dots, known as leukonychia, are actually down to a previous injury to the nail bed.
This nail disorder is uncommon, and is 1 of 3 forms of leukonychia caused by abnormalities in nail bed vascularization.
Affected nails show proximal leukonychia that progresses distally with nail growth.
These are clubbing leukonychia discoloration of skin and spider nevi.
Transverse leukonychia lines are fairly uncommon but are seen in people who had arsenic toxicity from their environment or arsenicals that were used for therapeutic purposes.