leukonychia


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leukonychia

[‚lü·kō′nik·ē·ə]
(medicine)
Whitish discoloration or spotting of the fingernails.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common vascular change noticed was palmar erythema (43.5%) and nail changes included leukonychia (15%), while diffuse hair loss (11.5%) was the most frequently found hair change.
Regarding the location of the nail pathology, the clinical presentation is different; pitting, leukonychia, red spots in the lunula, nail plate crumbling, beaus lines, and trachyonychia are signs of nail matrix involvement and onycholysis, oil drop discoloration or salmon patch, subungual hyperkeratosis, and splinter hemorrhage indicate nail bed disease.
Leukonychia arising from nail plate abnormalities is called the true form, and it can be longitudinal, transverse, or punctate.
Nail involvement in psoriasis usually is divided into two major groups: (a) signs of involvement of nail matrix including pitting, leukonychia, red spots of the lunula, transverse grooves (Beau's lines), and crumbling of the nail plate and (b) signs of involvement of the nail bed which present as oil-drop discoloration, splinter hemorrhages, subungual hyperkeratosis, and onycholysis [5].
6 patients had nail discolouration, with 4 developing leukonychia, both punctate and band like, and 2 having diffuse nail plate hyperpigmentation.
It was not itchy, associated with leukonychia and melanonychia on hands and toes' nails (Figure 1).
A rare case of 29 years old healthy male patient with persistent progressive total whitening of all the finger and toe nails (Idiopathic acquired leukonychia) since the age of 20 years is being presented here.
The NAPSI evaluates presence of signs in the nail bed (onycholysis, splinter hemorrhages, nail bed discoloration, and subungual hyperkeratosis) and on the nail matrix (pitting, leukonychia, red spots in the lunula and nail plate crumbling) in all 10 fingernails, providing a maximum score of 80 (Rich and Scher 2003).
Leukonychia. They are more likely related to a past injury to the nail that happened weeks prior to you noticing the spots.
A MANY people believe that white spots on the nails, called leukonychia, are linked to calcium deficiencies but this is not the case.
Other nail changes include koilonychias, onycholysis, onychomadesis, punctuate leukonychia, trachyonychia, Beau's lines and red lunulae (8-11).
Examination of the nails revealed opaque leukonychia of the distal nail plates of the fourth and fifth digits bilaterally.