Lexical Meaning

(redirected from lexical meanings)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to lexical meanings: Lexical definition

Lexical Meaning

 

the meaning of a word that is inherent only in a given lexical unit, as opposed to the grammatical meaning of whole classes and categories of words. The lexical content of most autonomous lexemes is heterogeneous and represents a sense structure, a hierarchical collateral subordination of the individual meanings, or from another standpoint, the lexical-semantic variants of a word. This organizational property of lexical semantics is called polysemy, or the semantic variation of a word. Depending on the object and notional relationship of a word, meanings can be literal and metaphorical; depending on the degree of contextual conditionality, meanings can be free, phraseologically bound, or constructively conditioned.

REFERENCES

Akhmanova, O. S. Ocherki po obshchei i russkoi leksikologii. Moscow, 1957.
Katsnel’son, S. D. Soderzhanie slova, inachenie i oboznachenie. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
Schmidt, W. Lexikalische und aktuelle Bedeutnng, 4th ed. Berlin, 1967.
Ufimtseva, A. A. Slovo v leksiko-semanticheskoi sisteme iazyka. Moscow, 1968.
Ullmann, S. Semantics: An Introduction to the Science of Meaning. Oxford, 1964.
Vinogradov, V. V. “Osnovnye tipy leksicheskikh znachenii slova.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1953, no. 5.

A. A. UFIMTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Though they don't express their lexical meaning, they are supportive to main verbs in complex sentence constructions and contribute in the semantics as a whole.
1) Auxiliaries express their lexical meaning while light verbs don't.
The inclusion of tfuk as a light verb with a lexical meaning 'finish' is noticeable.
4) Smith (2005: 59) illustrates these original lexical meanings reflected in the auxiliary use of modals in OE:
6%) is by far the most prominent, to which the original lexical meaning is connected, while the percentage of epistemic (13 instances: 9.
Schwarze and Schepping (1995) share the position that variation of lexical meaning can be represented via a core meaning and its conceptually induced variants.
the organization of lexical meaning at two connected levels; and iv.
Like some of the derivational morphemes, those of the type {ly} and {ing}, inflectional morphemes add no lexical meaning to the base.
Second, the lexical meaning that refers to lack of specification implies lack of the speaker's willingness for commitment.
I would like to argue that the various factors discussed below (self-quotation, the lexical meaning of toka and nante, and the nonfinite form of the verb) contribute to the function.
If an alternation is conditioned by a definable lexical meaning, this is evidence that one or both alternants do not reflect semantic primitives (since primitive meaning cannot be defined).
neither Y or Z can be given a satisfactory definition AND it is possible to explain the alternation between Y and Z as being automatically conditioned by factors unrelated to lexical meaning [e.