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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the division of linguistics in which the vocabulary of a language is studied.

Semantics (semasiology), the study of word formation, etymology, and stylistics are closely linked with lexicology. One of the central problems of lexicology is that of the separability of a word as an independent unit of the vocabulary of a language. Contemporary lexicology, like grammar, is guided by the concept of correlating (interconnected) categories; these correlating lexicological, as well as semantic, categories include monosemy and polysemy, synonymy, and antonymy, and free and bound meanings of words. In studying vocabulary as a system, the lexicologist is looking at the interaction between meanings of words and concepts; concepts are mostly international, whereas the meanings of words are national.

Lexicology is involved with the study of the regularities in the functioning and development of the vocabulary of a language. It elaborates principles for stylistic classification of words; norms of literary word usage in its correlation with popular speech; problems regarding professional words, dialectal words, archaisms, and neologisms; and normalizations of lexicalized word groups (idiomatics and phraseology). The study of sociopolitical and scientific and technical terminology constitutes a special division of lexicology. Lexicology is closely linked with lexicography.


Smirnitskii, A. I. “K voprosu o slove.” Tr. In-ta iazykoznaniia, 1954, vol. 4.
Akhmanova, O. S. Ocherki po obshchei i russkoi leksikologii. Moscow, 1957.
Voprosy teorii iazyka v sovremennoi zarubezhnoi lingvistike. Moscow, 1961.
Shmelev, D. N. Problemy semanticheskogo analiza leksiki. Moscow, 1973.
Ullmann, S. The Principles of Semantics, 2nd ed. Glasgow, 1959.
Hallig, R., and W. von Wartburg. Begriffssystem als Grundlage für die Lexikographie, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In general, as a lexicologist doing error analysis among the aliterate Millennials, I find both accurate and useful that St.
(25) Such works will then provide the historical lexicologist with valuable material for approaching still unsolved etymological problems.
As is wisely noted by Sarcevic (1989: 279), "if a dictionary is to be reliable, the burden of the choice cannot be placed entirely on the user." (40) However, it is the legal translator who is to blame for the terminological mistakes that may cause serious problems, and this responsibility is not to be shared with lexicologists or publishers.
However, this requires cooperation on the part of lexicologists and semanticists, and, as the same authors regret to inform, "WSD has never really found a home in lexical semantics", despite the fact that "word meaning is at the heart of the problem" (Agirre & Edmonds, 2006: 2).
Linguists or lexicologists are not required to learn a formal language for DFST definitions.
There is no attempt to classify senses properly in the manner of a lexicographer, nor to use the conceptual tools provided by the lexicologists. No use is made of synonym groups, so the opportunity to reinforce the social implications of changes in the senses of the word thrift by those in worthy and honest is omitted.
Yet even if lexicologists or narratologists were to succeed at the formidable task of defining the verb to narrate (whose meaning depends itself on that of the noun forms, narrative or narration), the formula would not automatically yield a definition of narrator.
In other words, they would probably maintain that it is the responsibility of language scholars and lexicologists to determine the contextual and semantic restrictions of verbs which may be subjected to this phenomenon if the potential for incorrect usage of these verbs is to be avoided.
What is emphasized instead is that all of the views of diminutive meaning which are held by semanticists, lexicologists and morphologists are 'second-order conceptualizations', i.e.