library school


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library school,

educational institution providing professional training for librarians (see also librarylibrary,
a collection of books or other written or printed materials, as well as the facility in which they are housed and the institution that is responsible for their maintenance.
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). Librarians were trained by apprenticeship until the late 19th cent. The first school for training librarians was established by Melvil DeweyDewey, Melvil,
1851–1931, American library pioneer, originator of the Dewey decimal system, b. Adams Center, N.Y., grad. Amherst (B.A., 1874; M.A., 1877). A man of originality and of enormous energy, Dewey played an important role in the early days of library organization
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 in 1887. The success of this institution, combined with a shortage of librarians in a period of growth and expansion, led to a proliferation of such schools, many of which were inadequate. With the formation of the Association of American Library Schools in 1915, standards of accreditation were established and maintained. A number of university schools of library service were established in the 1920s, many of them funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

In 1999, 56 U.S. and Canadian institutions offering training in librarianship were accredited by the American Library Association. These schools require a minimum of five years' study beyond the secondary level: The four years of undergraduate study constitute a general education in the humanities and natural and social sciences; the fifth year is in professional study at the graduate level and leads to a master's degree. The first school to confer the doctoral degree in library science was the Univ. of Chicago. Some of the schools are part of a university (as at the Univ. of Illinois); others are at independent undergraduate institutions (e.g., Pratt Institute). As libraries adopted the use of computer databases and on-line catalogs, the schools added a broader range of courses in information science and technology in order to acquaint future librarians with a variety of media.

The first library school outside the United States and Canada was founded at the Univ. of London in 1917. In many underdeveloped countries, university library schools have been established by grants from UNESCO and other sources, employing at the outset European- or American-trained staff. This staff is replaced as soon as possible with local personnel. Although the number of non-American library schools has steadily increased, many foreign librarians are still trained in the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, the University of Illinois catalogs for many years repeated a two-paragraph boilerplate description of the riches of the library school library, declaring that "the holdings of the library have been assembled over many years and afford a liberal basis for research" (University of Illinois, 1957, p.
The first Library school was established at University College Ibadan in 1960.
This memoir of a British librarian charts his personal and professional journey from his roots in wartime London through education and marriage, library school in the early 60s, and the cataloging crisis within the British National Bibliography, offering insight on the controversies in the field during the 60s and 70s.
ALA provides a handbook for the first-time librarian in its new publication, What They Don't Teach You in Library School (ISBN: 978-0-8389-3592-7, 160 pp., $50) by Elisabeth Doucett.
Providing aspiring librarians an easy-to-follow structure, The NextGen Librarian's Survival Guide follows a format consisting of chapters dedicated to Next Generation Librarianship; Surviving Library School; Surviving the Job Hunt; Surviving Entry-Level Positions; Moving Forward; Image, Stereotypes, and Diversity; Connections; Work/Life Balance; Transforming the Profession; and a conclusive Note to Library Administration.
What's particularly unsettling is that it was Georgia's only accredited library school, and its closure leaves only one library school program at a historically black college and university (HBCU), the state-funded North Carolina Central University in Durham.
The authors--representing medical, academic, government, and public libraries as well as library school faculty--have been selected because of their reputation, expertise, and successes in the consumer health arena.
site selector (you must be a professional librarian or library school student), contact kclick@sunsite.berkeley.edu
But in spite of the lackluster job market, library school is arguably more popular than ever.
The fist Library school was established at University College Ibadan in 1960.
The scholarships are for master's level study, with an emphasis on library technology and/or automation, at an accredited library school.
Sandra Wood, AHIP, FMLA, aims to be a textbook for library school students, fledgling librarians, and experienced librarians who need to brush up on these important skills.

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