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From his Curse of Souw (1967) to his An Anthropology of the Subject (2001), the entire opus of Roy's ethnographic and comparative writings on New Guinea life-worlds has charted a perspective on their symbolic foundations and internal meanings open to deeper interpretations as unique cosmo-ontological configurations.
In this column, I would like to describe the underlying tenets of Heideggerian Phenomenology, in particular the idea of life-worlds used in this type of research to describe the lived experience of people who are studied.
It seems self-evident, as it is implied by the 'shock experience' kindled by the patient's behaviour, that her conduct must be situated in a life-world that does not (at least, in part) overlap with our own.
For Ogata this multiplicity has been his lived history and the foundation of a philosophy of life-world that puts the highest and absolute priority on life.
She analyzes the presentation of images, maps, layouts and use of language in History, Geography and Civic Studies textbooks, and reveals how the books marginalize or rather exclude Palestinians from the life-world of the region, legitimize Israeli military action and reinforce Jewish-Israeli territorial identity, all of which seem to correspond to all categories of racist verbal and visual discourse.
They, he suggests, are now turning their attention to Spinoza's life and thought in order to work through a modern Jewish identity in a life-world in which a secular notion of modernity has become hegemonic and traditional Judaism a memory.
In The Making of the Economy, Till Duppe sets out to explain why this discordance has arisen, choosing to set economics' divorce from everyday life in relation to Edmund Husserl's conception of the life-world. The intended audience for the book consists of both philosophers and economists, with Duppe aiming to construct the book so as to make phenomenology amenable to economists while the discreetness of economic theory is made more transparent to non-specialists.
God in the living voice of the gospel awakens us to the politics of eschatology, participating in God's protest against colonization of the life-world. The substantial contribution of this book begins with empathic listening to the voices of the voiceless, through whose face God continues to speak, thereby advancing the hybrid task of a subaltern and liberating theology today.
The contents of The Overseer's Cabin lift out of a flat page and become a life-world that moves the reader.
Husserl spoke of the life-world, the experience of our ordinary, cultural world, into which we are born and in which we grow up.
On Hampe's reading, Husserl aims to reconstruct the unknown, untransparent fundament of all knowledge in a reconstructed life-world (the history of science is the key project that will help us attain the transparency and unity of knowledge): the life-world has a systematic and historical priority over any scientific theory or worldview, science and the life-world are compatible and unifiable in some way and at some time, whereas the analysis of the life-world will bring to light the fundamental meanings that made science possible (the technologies and practices of the sciences are opaque knowledge).
In other words, our existence has been educated in the life environment together with other agents of life-world (Lebenswelt), while the latter are educated in the background of our existential project to be realized during our life.