Topcu and Atesin  examined the microstructures of concretes made with lignosulfonate
and naphthalenesulfonate-based chemical admixtures, by means of a scanning electron microscope (SEM).
The introductory chapter of this Mississippi bulletin has an article that reported on North American industrial lignin: "Current Use in Wood Composite Binders." The current lignin use article cited 1990 pricing of lignosulfonate
at $200 to $500/t, solids basis versus phenol pricing ranging from $380 to $370/t (May to October 1994).
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 2, 2019-: Lignosulfonates
Market To Witness Significant Usage In Construction And Agriculture Applications Till 2022 | Million Insights
Preparation of a sulfonated carbonaceous material from lignosulfonate
and its usefulness as an esterification catalyst.
Lee, "Preparation of a sulfonated carbonaceous material from lignosulfonate
and its usefulness as an esterification catalyst," Molecules, vol.
A switchable ionic liquid (SIL), synthesized from 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec- 7-ene (DBU), monoethanol amine (MEA), and C[O.sub.2], named C[O.sub.2]-switched [DBU][MEASIL], was demonstrated to have high ability to extract the interlinked polysaccharide impurities from the sodium lignosulfonate
while the linkages and aromatic subunits remain unaffected during the dissolution-recovery cycle.
A lotion with 10% organosolv lignin increased SPF even further, from 15 to almost 92, but excessive amounts of hydrophilic lignin such as lignosulfonate
caused the product to start separating.
This report on global lignin market segments the market based on the product types as lignosulphonate (lignosulfonate
), kraftlignin, and others (includes organosolv) and by application asconcrete additives, animal feed, dyestuff and others (including cosmetics, absorbents, etc.).
(Lignobond DD from Lignotech, South Africa) was used as a binder.
(2011) that worked wich ground sunflower seeds in a pelleted vs non-pelleted concentrate treated with or without lignosulfonate
versus synthetic polycarboxylate in concrete admixture systems: The perspective of a traditional pulping by-product competing with an oil-based substitute in a business-to-business market in Central Europe.