lignum vitae


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lignum vitae

(lĭg`nəm vī`tē) [Lat.,=wood of life], tropical American evergreen tree of the genus Guaiacum. The hard, dense, and extremely durable wood, obtained chiefly from G. officinale and G. sanctum, is used for ship construction, butcher blocks, and other articles requiring strength and hardness. The trees are cultivated to some extent in Florida and California for ornament. They also yield guaiacum, a gum resinresin,
any of a class of amorphous solids or semisolids. Resins are found in nature and are chiefly of vegetable origin. They are typically light yellow to dark brown in color; tasteless; odorless or faintly aromatic; translucent or transparent; brittle, fracturing like glass;
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 used in certain drugs. Various other hardwoods of Australasia (e.g., the acacia and eucalyptus) are also called lignum vitae. Lignum vitae is classified in several orders in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Zygophyllaceae.

lignum vitae

1. either of two zygophyllaceous tropical American trees, Guaiacum officinale or G. sanctum, having blue or purple flowers
2. the heavy resinous wood of either of these trees, which is used in machine bearings, casters, etc.: formerly thought to have medicinal properties
References in periodicals archive ?
Com efeito, Ubertino deve ter sido efetivamente inspirado por ele na propria escolha do titulo de seu livro, uma vez que varios manuscritos do Lignum vitae trazem denominacoes que se aproximam muito do titulo escolhido por Ubertino para sua obra: Arbor crucis, Tractatus de arbore crucis, Arbor vitae ou Fasciculus myrrhae.
The lignum vitae, which bears Jamaica's national flower, is considered one of the most useful trees in the world.
After the Chachi House, wander past mesquite trees, huge stands of bold red lobster claw heliconia, endangered lignum vitae trees (whose unsinkable wood is the only wood in the world sold by the pound), mass plantings of gingers of all colors, shaving brush trees and more palms, including the Hyphaene, whose fruit smells like gingerbread.
They are a fine bowl, and are available in Lignum Vitae as well as modern composite materials.
When those first ships hove over the horizon, San Salvador, a small cay (pronounced key), was lush with groves of mahogany, lignum vitae, and redcedar.
Competitors will play a course of six wickets, using 1-pound composition balls and 36-inch mallets of lignum vitae wood.
There are wood samples from Jamaica - cedar, brasiletto, fustic, logwood, camphor, lignum vitae, satinwood, pimento wood and mahogany.
Lignum vitae, which is considered one of the hardest and heaviest of commercial timbers, has an average weight of 77 pounds per cubic foot.