lily of the valley

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lily of the valley,

common name for either of the two species of Convallaria, spring-blooming perennials of the family Liliaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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 family). C. majalis, the species usually in cultivation, is native to Eurasia; C. montana, a slightly larger plant, grows in the Appalachian Mts. Lilies of the valley live in shady places and have delicate bell-shaped, fragrant white flowers growing on a stalk between two shiny leaves. The plant was long used medicinally for cardiac disorders and contains poisonous substances. It is a symbol of humility in religious painting. Lily of the valley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lily of the Valley


(Convallaria), a genus of plants of the family Liliaceae. There is one species, C. majalis, with several varieties or subspecies, which are sometimes classified as independent species. The lily of the valley is an herbaceous perennial with a horizontal rootstock and two or three oblong-oval, pointed leaves with long petioles. The flower stalk, up to 20 cm tall, has a secund loose raceme of white, fragrant, bell-shaped, drooping flowers; the perianth has six lobes. The fruit is a spherical red berry. Lilies of the valley are widely found in the European USSR, the Caucasus, Eastern Siberia, and the Far East, as well as in Western Europe and North America. They grow profusely in light forests, on forest edges, and in shrub thickets.

The species C. majalis is used as a medicinal plant. Its above-ground parts contain cardiac glycosides (chiefly convallatoxin and convallarin), which intensify the contractile activity of the heart. An infusion of the plant is used, as well as the crystalline glycoside convallotoxin and corglykon, an extract containing all the glycosides of the lily of the valley. It is cultivated as an ornamental, chiefly for forcing, but also in gardens and parks. Cultivated forms of C. majalis are large and multiflowered. Some varieties have pinkish or double flowers, and some have mottled leaves.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

lily of the valley

of Finland. [Flower Symbolism: WB, 7: 264]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

lily of the valley

a small liliaceous plant, Convallaria majalis, of Eurasia and North America cultivated as a garden plant, having two long oval leaves and spikes of white bell-shaped flowers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Giant Lily of the Valley (Convallaria Bordeaux) - 10 for PS9.99 (code G329) or 20 for PS19.98 and get 10 free (code G330).
Result Darley Prix Jean Romanet 1 Announce............9-5f 2 Timepiece ............5-2 3 Lily Of The Valley 2-1 Owner Khalid Abdullah Trainer Andre Fabre Jockey Maxime Guyon Breeder Juddmonte Farms Distances sh nk, 21/2l
Keywords: Achillea millefolium; Citronella; Clove; Eucalyptus; Geranium; Lavender; Lily of the valley; Peppermint; Ixodes ricinus; Tick repellents
There are plenty of products inspired by classic British flowers such as wisteria, lily of the valley and rose, from moisturisers and body creams to haircare products and floral perfumes.
Lily of the Valley, who also appears in the Curtis Hanson film Wonder Boys on the arm of Robert Downey Jr.
[Katy] picked a hyacinth, a hydrangea, a chrysanthemum, an African violet, a lily of the valley, a trout lily, a bleeding heart, a jack-in-the-pulpit, and an Asiatic lily.
The lily of the valley is also dangerous as it can cause an irregular heartbeat in cats when eaten.
THE BOLD BOUQUETS CENTRED around flowers that can really hold their own - namely rose and lily of the valley - these unapologetically bold fragrances are lifted with fruity notes and rich, woody bases.
HEATHCOTE & IVORY LILY OF THE VALLEY HAND BALM BAUBLE, PS3, JOHN LEWIS Hang this bauble on a tree or make it a Secret Santa gift.
Asking him to stop only seemed to encourage him so the ladies bided their time and, on the next occasion he let rip, the ladies surrounded him and sprayed him liberally with lily of the valley air freshener - he never repeated his obnoxious behaviour and harmonious working relations were restored.
They comprise a freshwater cultured pearl, opal and diamond torsade necklace by Van Cleef and Arpels (PS6000-8000); a mid 20th century rock crystal Lily of the Valley spray brooch, also by Van Cleef and Arpels (PS4000-6000) and an Italian aquamarine torsade necklace (PS6000-8000).