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(in electronic engineering), a device that provides a constant output voltage level when the value of the input voltage exceeds a limiting threshold. Limiters are used extensively in pulse technology to shape and transform pulses and in radio broadcasting and multichannel communication apparatus to limit signal levels. Amplitude limiters provide a specified maximum level for the amplitudes of the fundamental oscillation (first harmonic); limiters of instantaneous values “clip off” any overshoots of oscillations.
The operation of a limiter depends on abrupt change in the conductivity of a nonlinear component (transistor, semiconductor
diode, electron tube, and so on) when the amplitude or instantaneous value of the input voltage reaches the limiting threshold; because of this, a futher increase in the amplitude or instantaneous value of the output voltage is stopped (see Figure 1). A distinction is made between limiters with unilateral operation (with only an upper or lower limiting threshold) and clipper-limiters.
V. M. TIMOFEEV