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brown hematite(hĕm`ətīt, hē`–), yellowish to dark brown mineral, a hydrated oxide of iron, FeO(OH)·nH2O, occurring commonly in deposits of secondary origin, i.e., those formed by the alteration of minerals containing iron. Both iron rust and bog iron ore are limonite. It serves as a pigment (see ocherocher
, mixture of varying proportions of iron oxide and clay, used as a pigment. It occurs naturally as yellow ocher (yellow or yellow-brown in color), the iron oxide being limonite, or as red ocher, the iron oxide being hematite.
..... Click the link for more information. ) and as an ore of iron. It is found mainly in Austria and England.
collective name for natural cryptocrystalline, partially amorphous mineral aggregates comprising various minerals—hydrous trivalent iron oxides (for example, goethite, hydrogoethite, hydrohematite, lepidocrocite). Limonite is formed under exogenous conditions upon decomposition of pyrite and other iron-bearing sulfides, siderite, and iron silicates. It occurs in gossan, laterite, bog ore, and other similar-type formations. Limonite forms large industrial deposits of high-grade iron ore.