Cardamom oil consists of vital elements such as methyl eugenol, pinene, sabinene, linalyl acetate
, geraniol, nerol, citronellol, etc.
(22,23) The analysis of lavender oil was conducted according to the requirements of the European Pharmacopoeia and Ukrainian State Pharmacopeia, which regulate the content of the following main components in lavender oil: limonene: less than 1.0%; 3-octanone: 0.1-2.5%; camphor: less than 1.2%; linalool: 20.0-45.0%; linalyl acetate
: 25.0-46.0%; terpinene-4-ol: 0.1-6.0%; lavandulyl acetate: more than 0.2%; lavandulol: more than 0.1%; and [alpha]-terpineol: less than 2.0%.
The others were in either oil: linalyl acetate
, linalool, alpha-terpinene and gamma-terpinene.
In general, the five most abundant volatile compounds (in a decreasing order) in the juices of these three citrus fruits were limonene (mean of 47.1%), linalool (21.1%), [beta]-pinene (4.7%), linalyl acetate
(4.6%), and geranial (4.0%) (Table 4).
Although lavender oil and its core constituent linalyl acetate
relieve pain and anxiety reduce blood pressure and heart rate and have diuretic activity, no study to date has assessed the effect of aromatherapy with lavender and linalyl acetate
on the degree of pain relief and urination satisfaction after the removal of indwelling urinary catheters.
All the antioxidant and antibacterial results may be explained by the fact that the essential oils from Jerusalem and Hebron are rich in linalyl acetate
which showed powerful antibacterial activity and can result in alterations of membrane permeability and in leakage of intracellular substances of microorganisms.
did not contain [alpha]-terpineol, [beta]-pinene, p-cymene, linalyl acetate
, [beta]-caryophyllene, phellandrene and myrtenyl acetate, while other studies showed that they were among the main components of M.
The three major components in the lavender oil were linalyl acetate
, at 38.92%; linalool, at 33.02%; and beta-caryophyllene, at 5.96%.
Individuals were given a lavender essential oil made from the steam-distilled fresh flowering top of lavender standardized to contain approximately 70% of two constituents, linalool and linalyl acetate
. The product was given as either a 80 or 160 mg dose and then 1 placebo or 2 placebo pills daily.
Salycilic acid treatments gave the highest percentages of 1-nonanol, 1-tetradecanol, methyl 10-octadecenoate, [alpha]-pinene, phytol, 2, 4 dodecadienal, [beta]-fenchyl alcohol, anethole, 2E-dodecenal, (2E) 2-hexenyl laurate, 2-octadecanone, hexahydrofarnesyl acetone and linalyl acetate
Bergamot mint (mixture of linalol and linalyl acetate
) were also concentrated profoundly (12.73%).