lindane


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to lindane: permethrin

lindane:

see insecticidesinsecticides,
chemical, biological, or other agents used to destroy insect pests; the term commonly refers to chemical agents only. Chemical Insecticides

The modern history of chemical insecticides in the United States dates from 1867, when Paris green proved
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

lindane

[′lin‚dān]
(inorganic chemistry)
The gamma isomer of 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane, constituting a persistent, bioaccumulative pesticide and a neurotoxin.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, lindane was largely inactive in ToxCast/Tox21 in vitro assay endpoints mapped to "induces oxidative stress".
Once the microbial growth was sufficient to make the broth highly turbid, the culture was starved for a week followed by addition of 0.5% (w/v) peptone, 2 ppm Lindane and 2 ppm DDT.
In the best knowledge of the authors, statistical analysis of photocatalytic degradation of lindane and DDT from water and wastewater have not been reported.
Name Rank PubMed PubMed human IARC advisory cancer cancer hits group priority hits Organophosphates Parathion 1 42 6 -- Malathion 2 40 12 High Chlorpyrifos 3 38 14 Medium Dichlorvos 4 35 12 -- Diazinon 5 30 16 High Glyphosate 7 21 9 Medium Tetrachlorvinphos 13 6 1 -- Organochlorines DDT 1 494 190 Medium Lindane 2 189 51 High Dieldrin 3 151 57 -- Aldrin 7 56 25 -- Chlorophenoxy 2,4-Dichlorophenoxy 1 145 84 -- acetic acid Name Notes, including other classifications Organophosphates Parathion U.S.
The widespread usage of organochlorine compounds, such as lindane has stimulated research to the existence of effects related with their body toxic activity.
Minimization and optimization of error in each iteration of the training phase and the error in the testing phase, validate the model identification developed and implemented in this paper, for Lindane, Aldrin and dieldrin pesticides, organochlorine pesticides analyzed through gas chromatography.
Reports are available on biosorption of lindane by some gram positive and gram negative bacteria, e.g., Escherchia coli, Bacillus subtilis and adsorption of lindane onto humic acid parenthesis a natural organic matter of soil (Ju et al., 1997, Prosen et al., 2002).
Comparative study of permethrin 1% creme rinse and lindane shampoo for the treatment of head lice.
Similar in vitro resistance was demonstrated in a local study by Anwar et al.6 by comparing in vitro efficacy of 5% permethrin with lindane. 93.3% (n=28) of mites in permethrin group died within 5 hours of drug application, but 6.7% (n=2) were still viable raising the possibility of resistance.
While 53.33 % (n=16) of mites in group-B died within 5 hours of application of lindane (susceptible) and 46.67% (n=14) of mites in group-B did not die after 5 hours (non-susceptible).
Kwell[R] should be used with extreme caution--neurotoxic reactions, carcinogenicity in lab animals and blood disorders have been reported as d result of using lindane shampoos."--Source: "UNL Extension UNL Extension-Lancaster County Pests & Wildlife Head Lice Management O18"
The location is part of a 29-acre property in the Park Hill neighborhood, and operated from the 1930s to the 1970s, handling pesticides such as Black Leaf 40, DDT, Dieldrin and Lindane.