While the electron density calculated utilizing the Stark broadening effect, while another line broadening
such as Doppler broadening and ionic broadening is so small comparing with Stark broadening that can be neglected .
These methodologies include line-to-line relationships and line broadening
The nature of the structural disorder in the alloys was studied via Urbach energy, obtained from optical absorption, and Raman spectral line broadening
Due to the future, two-sided line broadening
the replacement of both new construction buildings shall be designed for a total of six lanes and two hard shoulders.
Jefferies and Orrall continue, "To avoid the necessity of considering such unacceptably high and discordant temperatures, the hypothesis is frequently made that the line broadening
is due both to thermal motions of atoms and to mass motions of small prominence elements having a Maxwellian distribution of velocities.
Application of the obtained formula to line broadening
phenomena in [I.
From this line broadening
analysis of the (002) reflection in the fiber of drawn 40, the average crystallite length of the c-axis was estimated to be about 50 nm and from [D.
In her essay 'The Reality of Causes in a World of Instrumental Laws' Cartwright discusses an example from laser theory that illustrates the variety of mathematical/theoretical treatments that are applicable to a specific case and contrasts them with the unique causal story that describes the process known as quantum damping and line broadening
The NH3 clumps are coincident with indications of star formation, including 24[micro]m infrared emission and evidence of emission line broadening
increased density, and increased temperature.
There are several possible mechanisms of line broadening
in plasma: self-absorption, pressure broadening, Doppler broadening, Stark broadening, etc.
When an instrument is well characterised, line broadening
can be analysed without a reference specimen.