damage associated with the removal of Lower Third Molars.
All patients were enquired 24 hours post operatively regarding altered sensation with in the distribu- tion of inferior alveolar nerve and lingual nerve
. The question was asked by an operator who had not per- formed the surgery and who was unaware as to which treatment group the patient belonged.
The intention of the lingual flap is to protect the lingual nerve
and the lingual plate.
 were the first to demonstrate the presence of ossified pterygospinous ligament causing compression of lingual nerve
between the bony bridge and medial pterygoid muscle, which results in lingual numbness and pain, associated with speech impairment.
During ND, the surgeons should pay attention to the integrity and the saving of many neural structures (spinal nerve, hypoglossal nerve, lingual nerve
, and phrenic nerve) that, if damaged, would complicate the postoperative course of the patient.
The avoidance of an IANB in children eliminates the risk of inferior alveolar and lingual nerve
Possible complications include duct stenosis and lingual nerve
Fagan had negligently severed Kerry's lingual nerve
in the course of a wisdom tooth extraction.
Numerous case reports have emerged, citing association between recurrent laryngeal, hypoglossal and lingual nerve
injuries and the use of the LMA (4).
According to Laskin, the area can be anesthetized by giving bilateral lingual nerve
block plus infiltration for hemostasis or local infiltration alone.
The anatomy of the terminal branches of the lingual nerve
(lingual branches) in adult brasilians.