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1. a design cut in relief on linoleum mounted on a wooden block
2. a print made from such a design
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also linoleum cut), a raised engraving on linoleum or on a similar polymer plastic material; the process is similar to woodcut and wood engraving. Linocut was introduced in the early 20th century. Many printmakers were immediately attracted by the distinctive qualities of the medium. A laconic artistic language and sharp contrasts of black and white can be achieved in linocuts. The softness of the linoleum results in lush and supple lines. The process is fast, and large blocks and colored inks can be used. A great number of copies are produced.

At times stylistically similar to wood engraving, linocut basically developed along another path. However, it frequently influenced the style of contemporary woodcuts and wood engravings (for example, the work of F. Masereel and the German expressionists). By the middle of the 20th century, several schools of linocutting had developed. The technique was particularly popular in the countries of Latin America. Linocuts were made by the engravers of the Workshop of People’s Graphics in Mexico (L. Méndez, A. Beltrán, A. García Bustos), by the members of the Club of Friends of Engraving in Brazil (C. Scliar, R. Katz, V. Prado), by A. R. Vigo and N. Onofrio in Argentina, and by C. Hermosiglia Alvarez in Chile. The process was often used by H. Matisse and P. Picasso (France), E. Packard and B. Randall (USA), and P. Nielsen (Denmark).

The linocut quickly became a part of the technique used by such Russian printmakers as V. D. Zamirailo, I. N. Pavlov, D. I. Mitrokhin, and O. V. Rozanova. Important Soviet masters of this medium have included V. D. Falileev, K. E. Kostenko, P. N. Staronosov, I. A. Sokolov, and V. A. Favorskii. Soviet linocut printing reached the height of its development in the late 1950’s and the 1960’s. National schools of linocutting have formed in many of the Union republics.


Staronosov, P. N. Graviura na linoleume. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Pavlov, I., and M. Matorin. Tekhnika graviury na dereve i linoleume. Moscow, 1952.
Levitin, E. S. Sovremennaia grafika kapitalisticheskikh stran Evropy i Ameriki. Moscow, 1959.
Leont’eva, G. K. Dorogoi poiska. Leningrad-Moscow, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tony Miller's Daddy Hall: A Biography in 80 Linocuts is a potent visual storytelling project that captures the outsized life of the African/Native American/Canadian folk hero.
'After a long period of almost complete obscurity, the linocuts re-emerged in the early 1980s with exhibitions at Michael Parkin and the Redfern,' says Gault.
He launched himself into a career as an artist, working first in oils and watercolours and, from 1919, linocuts inspired by the Futurists and Vorticists.
Artists took to the city centre to help create the longest linocut ever, using a scrum machine pushed by rugby players from the Tynedale Panthers.
He has mastered the linocut medium and devised his own techniques that produce fine linear definitions, contrasts and textures that are best achieved in this kind of medium.
Chris works with linocut and is inspired by how animals move in nature.
In September 2010, a mixed media exhibition was held at studio 77, windhoek, called "Images of Fertility and Abundance." The artist, kay cowley, is celebrating the female form by exploring the concept of 'fertility' through different media: 'fertility figurines', stone carvings, linocuts, sand and oil pastel mandalas in chakra colours, and oil paintings.
The story is told in 90 linocuts that use naturescapes and cityscapes to induce a primarily emotional narrative.
One variation in creating matrices for editions was based on linocuts. Picasso carried out a pair of linocuts in 1939 but began to work seriously on them with Hidalgo Arnera, a printer in Vallauris.
Brodsky lived in London from 1908 to 1915, during which time he produced several powerful linocuts and introduced the medium to the French sculptor Henri Gaudier-Brezska.
A comprehensive timeline, compiled by Anderson biographer Christopher Maurer, highlights a chronology of the artist's life and of his linocuts and exhibitions.
More recently there has been some resurgence, notably of linocuts. These are sold either at a monthly market in Port Moresby or from daily galleries on the outer walls of major hotels.