lip reading

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lip reading,

method by which the deaf are able to read the speech of others from the movements of the lips and mouth. It is sometimes referred to as speech reading, which technically also includes the reading of facial expressions and body language. Lip reading is a medium of education in many schools for deaf children (see deafnessdeafness,
partial or total lack of hearing. It may be present at birth (congenital) or may be acquired at any age thereafter. A person who cannot detect sound at an amplitude of 20 decibels in a frequency range of from 800 to 1,800 vibrations per second is said to be hard of
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). It came into wide use after World War IWorld War I,
1914–18, also known as the Great War, conflict, chiefly in Europe, among most of the great Western powers. It was the largest war the world had yet seen.
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 in the rehabilitation of shell-shocked, or otherwise deafened, soldiers.


See publications of the National Association of Hearing and Speech Agencies (formerly American Hearing Society); O. M. Wyatt, Teach Yourself Lip-Reading (1961, repr. 1969); E. Hazard, Lipreading for the Oral Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Person (1971); J. Jeffers, Speechreading (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Marjorie Templeman, from Middlesbrough, who has been coming to the class for three years, said: "I lost a lot of confidence when my hearing deteriorated and I was feeling very isolated but the lipreading classes helped to build up my confidence and I can now communicate better.
Around 20 people will be attending a "taster" demonstration lipreading class in Morpeth organised by RNID.
1982) The relationship between two visual communication systems: Reading and lipreading.
Qualified lipreading teachers are able to help deaf people in many ways.
Waibel, "Towards Unrestricted Lipreading," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence 14, no.
There was no modification allowed for my hearing impairment, which requires me to rely heavily on lipreading.
ASL differs from spoken and written English in that it does not depend on the use of speech, lipreading, or English grammatical structure (Braden, 1994).
In lipreading, we learn to "see each sound" and can understand complicated passages even at a great distance (F).
Campbell and Dodd (1984) and Jones (1994) both speculated that the 'auditory blend illusion', might have been responsible for the ISE in the lipreading condition by disrupting encoding.
Only 35% of parents expected the implant to improve their child's ability to listen to speech without lipreading.
Students continued to learn to use their residual hearing with the help of hearing aids, worked to achieve intelligibility in spoken English, and focused heavily on written English and lipreading to learn new concepts and ideas about the world.
This may help them to understand speech without visual cues or systems such as lipreading or sign language.