lip reading

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lip reading,

method by which the deaf are able to read the speech of others from the movements of the lips and mouth. It is sometimes referred to as speech reading, which technically also includes the reading of facial expressions and body language. Lip reading is a medium of education in many schools for deaf children (see deafnessdeafness,
partial or total lack of hearing. It may be present at birth (congenital) or may be acquired at any age thereafter. A person who cannot detect sound at an amplitude of 20 decibels in a frequency range of from 800 to 1,800 vibrations per second is said to be hard of
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). It came into wide use after World War IWorld War I,
1914–18, also known as the Great War, conflict, chiefly in Europe, among most of the great Western powers. It was the largest war the world had yet seen.
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 in the rehabilitation of shell-shocked, or otherwise deafened, soldiers.

Bibliography

See publications of the National Association of Hearing and Speech Agencies (formerly American Hearing Society); O. M. Wyatt, Teach Yourself Lip-Reading (1961, repr. 1969); E. Hazard, Lipreading for the Oral Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Person (1971); J. Jeffers, Speechreading (1971).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Members enjoy the skills training offered by qualified lipreading tutors, members of ATLA (Association of Teachers of Lipreading to Adults)."
Rob Burley, head of public affairs and campaigns at Action on Hearing Loss, said: "One in six of us have some form of hearing loss, and lipreading classes provide life changing support and new skills."
Health Minister Lesley Griffiths said: "Lipreading is a vital communication skill and can help people avoid social isolation and live life independently."
Remove your face mask or wear a clear face shield to facilitate lipreading. Ask the patient if a gentle tap on the hand or arm is an appropriate way to gain their attention.
(1987) The cerebral lateralization of lipreading. En B.
Early lipreading ability and speech and language development of hearing-impaired pre-schoolers.
"Keys & Scales" turns out to be about maps, not music, but the pun is purposeful, and the tropes meet in the final couplet, in which the metaphorical engines of cognitive mapping and actual mapmaking are made musically cognate: "The wilderness took shape; the stars were of where / Two had met, in honeydew shadow, and made maps praise." Wonderfully unlikely turns of phrase appear like bits of brilliant but nonchalant cocktail conversation: "The buffalo of philosophy"; "a jaw of pines and water towers"; "Day is a fine discrimination to get away with / lipreading through the moving leaves"; "Schoolkids jumping the jellyfish fences / Wearing cranberry jackets / Through the paisley briars and stars / In starred wire."
Campbell (Eds.), Hearing by eye: The psychology, of lipreading (pp.
And it's not really what we were supposed to talking about either--"Literary Analysis of Lipreading" was not on the syllabus for that day.
Psychological applications include visual recognition of letters and/or digits (Townsend, 1971), visual recognition of textures (Cho, Yang, & Hallett, 2000), lipreading tasks (Manning & Shofner, 1991), auditory recognition tasks (Morgan, Chambers, & Morton, 1973), taste recognition (Hettinger, Gent, Marks, & Frank, 1999), odor discrimination (Kent, Youngentob, & Sheehe, 1995), and tactile recognition (Vega-Bermudez, Johnson, & Hsiao, 1991).
There is a desperate shortage of lipreading teachers in many areas of the UK.
Waibel, "Towards Unrestricted Lipreading," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence 14, no.