liquefied petroleum gas


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liquefied petroleum gas

or

LPG,

mixture of gases, chiefly propane and butane, produced commercially from petroleum and stored under pressure to keep it in a liquid state. The boiling point of liquefied petroleum gas varies from about −44°C; to 0°C; (−47°F; to 32°F;), so that the pressure required to liquefy it is considerable and the containers for it must be of heavy steel. When prepared as fuel, LPG is largely propane; common uses are for powering automotive vehicles, for cooking and heating, and sometimes for lighting in rural areas. LPG is an attractive fuel for internal-combustion engines; because it burns with little air pollution and little solid residue, it does not dilute lubricants, and it has a high octane rating.
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liquefied petroleum gas

[′lik·wə‚fīd pə′trō·lē·əm ¦gas]
(materials)
A product of petroleum gases; principally propane and butane, it must be stored under pressure to keep it in a liquid state; it is often stored in metal cylinders (bottled gas) and used as fuel for tractors, trucks, and buses, and as a domestic cooking or heating fuel in rural areas. Abbreviated LPG.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In terms of application, the North America liquefied petroleum gas market has been broadly classified into residential/commercial, chemical, industrial, auto gas, and others applications of LPG.
He continued that gas processing plants of the country produced 600 thousand tons of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) last year.
As for the Households that heat their houses, the results showed that 36% of households depend on liquefied petroleum gas as a main source for heating, 35% of households depend on electricity, 26% depend on wood and 2% of households depend on kerosene as a main source for heating.
According to the proposal, the company plans to increase the price of liquefied petroleum gas by INR50-INR100 per cylinder.
Summary: The National Agency for the Energy Use Promotion and Rationalization (APRUE) and the Local Development Bank (BDL) will launch Wednesday the Pro-air programme for the promotion of the LPG-fuel (liquefied petroleum gas)
Party chief Rajnath Singh spoke to chief ministers of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat and Karnataka and asked them to extend relief to consumers after the federal government announced a steep hike in prices of petrol, diesel and liquefied petroleum gas.
In an effort to curb this rapid decline, the UNDP, in partnership with the government and local groups, is promoting the use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)--butane or propane--as an alternative to wood fuel.
The gas can be connected to a household stove for cooking, to a light fixture with a gauze mantle for lighting, or to other appliances with simple natural gas plumbing; it burns like liquefied petroleum gas. Depending on the design and size, prices for small-scale biodigesters run from US$100 to US$1,700.
The deal was made through PAA's subsidiary Plains LPG Services, L.P., a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) marketing and asset-based company
Hungary and Croatia, in a bid to decrease reliance on Russian gas, plan to build a 340-km natural gas pipeline between the Adriatic coast and Hungary, and a liquefied petroleum gas terminal on the Adriatic coast.
Alternative fuel vehicles are those that run on compressed natural gas, hydrogen, liquefied petroleum gas, liquefied natural gas, and liquid fuels that are 85% methanol.
The non-naphtha feedstock, such as natural gas liquids (NGL), gas oil, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), provides cost advantages over the conventional naphtha feedstock.