lithification


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lithification

[‚lith·ə·fə′kā·shən]
(geology)
Conversion of a newly deposited sediment into an indurated rock. Also known as lithifaction.
Compositional change of coal to bituminous shale or other rock.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
One could therefore suggests that their compacted nature is related to carbonate cements as time is not a prime factor of lithification as compared to cementing material.
Today, chemical scientists are mostly dealing with analysis of the structure and composition of the organic constituent and inorganic minerals present in oil shale, as well as the molecular structure of kerogen and lithification characteristics of inorganic minerals.
In the paper he gave to the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1785, 'Concerning the System of the Earth', he developed the concept of subterranean heat, rather than the universal ocean, as the principle force of the mineralizing process (lithification) that makes rocks from sediments, which are themselves the product of erosion.
Quartz grains in sandstone beds of the third member--the Carbon Canyon Member--are set in carbonate, silica, hematite, or chlorite cement or clay matrix, which in itself would indicate a long, diverse history of deposition and lithification. (15)
Jeans, C.V.: 1980, Early submarine lithification in the Red Chalk and Lower Chalk of eastern England: a bacterial control model and its implications.
Hence, the barite roses postdate the deposition and lithification of the Garber Sandstone, though the ages of the geologic structures with which the barite roses are most closely associated are still unknown.
Geological Time Actualism Rock Cycle Lithification: Sediment vs Sedimentary rock Original Horizontality of Strata Lateral Continuity of Strata Superposition of Strata Cross-cutting Relationships Principle of Inclusions Biological Evolution, Index Fossils Stratigraphic Correlation
The existence of such a structure indicates that the calcareous mud was originally deposited in a calm, shallow, and deep area where rock lithification occurred gradually.
Stromatolites are large features--often many meters in size--that can be formed by the lithification of laminated microbial mats, (Fig.
Diagenesis is defined as a series of chemical, physical, and biological processes leading to a significant change in sediments, which started after their deposition and continued during and after their lithification (Larsen & Chilingar 1979; Morse & Mackenzie 1990).
It is formed by the "lithification" of clay with silt.