Lithium Carbonate


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

lithium carbonate

[′lith·ē·əm ′kär·bə‚nāt]
(inorganic chemistry)
Li2CO3 A colorless, crystalline compound that melts at 700°C and has slight solubility in water; used in ceramic industries in the manufacture of powdered glass for porcelain enamel formulation.

Lithium Carbonate

 

Li2CO3, a salt; colorless crystals. Density, 2.11 g/cm3 at 0°C; melting point, 732°C (dissociation occurs at higher temperatures). It has low solubility in water (1.33 g in 100 g H2O at 20°C). Pure lithium carbonate is produced by passing CO2 through a solution of LiOH; in industry it is produced by the action of potash or soda on lithium salt solutions at temperatures of 80°-90°C.

Lithium carbonate is the most important lithium salt. It is the raw material for the production of other lithium compounds. Lithium oxide, Li2O, formed from Li2CO3, is used in the glass-making and ceramics industries because of its ability to impart valuable properties (thermal and chemical stability; strength) to the materials. Lithium carbonate is also used in pyrotechnics, the production of plastics (as a catalyst), and ferrous metallurgy (desulfurization of steel).

References in periodicals archive ?
Lithium carbonate and its inorganic derivatives such as lithium bromide, lithium fluoride, and lithium nitrate are majorly used in the manufacturing of lithium batteries and production of pharmaceuticals.
READ: Anson Resources dispatches pre-treated brine to produce lithium carbonate chemicals
Currently, the firm is constructing a pilot plant, which is supported by around 32,500 square meters of pilot evaporation ponds together with a liming plant and is projected to produce up to 3 tonnes of battery grade lithium carbonate per month.
The results of the FS indicate that Pastos Grandes has the potential to be a robust lithium carbonate producer and be among the lower quartile of LCE costs.
"With lithium carbonate, you need 99.5 to 99.9 percent purity," he said.
group (Li): rats administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 25 mg/kg of lithium carbonate (dissolved in distilled water) twice daily for 30 days [18];
Target: Lithium hydroxide and lithium carbonate conversion assets, supporting business functions
Average operating costs have been estimated at US$3,369 per tonne before potash credits and US$2,959 per tonne to produce battery grade lithium carbonate. The revised total capital cost is now estimated at US$376 million.
Human Health products company ACETO Corporation (NasdaqGS:ACET) stated on Wednesday that it plans to introduce Lithium Carbonate Extended-release Tablets, 300mg and Metronidazole Tablets, 250mg and 500mg in the US market.
International Resource News-July 9, 2015--Albemarle starts commissioning activities with new lithium carbonate production plant
Perth, Australia, Nov 13, 2012 - (ABN Newswire) - Galaxy Resources Ltd (ASX:GXY) advises that lithium carbonate production at its whollyowned Jiangsu Lithium Carbonate Plant ("Jiangsu Plant" or "Jiangsu") was 428 tonnes in October - an increase of 50% month-on-month and in line with Jiangsu's 12 month ramp-up schedule.
Galaxy's Managing Director, Iggy Tan, said Mr Chavez Diaz will lead the Sal de Vida team in developing Galaxy's planned lithium brine operation and lithium carbonate plant.