Lithium carbonate and its inorganic derivatives such as lithium bromide, lithium fluoride, and lithium nitrate
are majorly used in the manufacturing of lithium batteries and production of pharmaceuticals.
These approaches include the advanced quick chemical test, use of a model to predict the minimum dosage of lithium nitrate
, use of acoustic emission, and x-ray and neutron imaging to detect damage caused by ASR.
"Viscosity and Density of Aqueous Solutions of Lithium Bromide, Lithium Chloride, Zinc Bromide, Calcium Chloride and Lithium Nitrate
The stoichiometric amounts of ferric nitrate [(Fe(N[O.sub.3]).sub.2] 9[H.sub.2]O), Nickel nitrate (Ni[(N[O.sub.3]).sub.2]6[H.sub.2]O), lithium nitrate
(LiNO3), and citric acid ([C.sub.6][H.sub.8][O.sub.7]-[H.sub.2]O) (all chemicals are S.D.
is very effective at controlling ASR in new concrete, but, so far, a clear understanding of the mitigation effect of an externally applied lithium nitrate
solution has not been well established.
Copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, sulfanilic acid, glycine, ascorbic acid, sodium nitrite, and potassium nitrate were from Merck; sodium hydroxide, phosphoric acid, and hydrochloric acid from Panreac; and naphthylethylenediamine and lithium nitrate
from Carlo Erba.