Position

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position

1. Music
a. the vertical spacing or layout of the written notes in a chord. Chords arranged with the three upper voices close together are in close position. Chords whose notes are evenly or widely distributed are in open position
b. one of the points on the fingerboard of a stringed instrument, determining where a string is to be stopped
2. in classical prosody
a. the situation in which a short vowel may be regarded as long, that is, when it occurs before two or more consonants
b. make position (of a consonant, either on its own or in combination with other consonants, such as x in Latin) to cause a short vowel to become metrically long when placed after it
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Position

 

any one of several basic positions of the legs and arms in classical dance. The positions determine the harmonious arrangement of the body in space, assure the proper execution of the dance step, and create the gracefulness and expressiveness of the dance.

There are five positions of the feet. In the first, the feet, with heels touching, have the toes turned outward, forming a straight line on the floor. In the second, the heels of the turned-out legs are placed the length of a foot apart. In the third, the feet partially adjoin one another. In the fourth, the turned-out feet are parallel to each other and separated by a distance of one foot. In the fifth, the feet are closed with the heel of one foot touching the toe of the other.

There are three positions of the arms. In the first, the rounded arms are raised to the level of the diaphragm; in the second, they are extended to either side at shoulder level; and in the third, they are raised over the head. Numerous other positions are formed from the basic one.


Position

 

(1) The placing or location of something; sometimes a point of departure or a starting point, for example, the position of troops or the position of opponents in a chess game.

(2) A point of view on a question; a definite appraisal of a fact, phenomenon, or event; actions or behavior instigated by this attitude or appraisal, for example, a position in an argument or a temporizing position.


Position

 

a zone, or sector, of the terrain that troops are occupying or are preparing to occupy.

Positions are, as a rule, set up by the engineers and form an integral part of deeply echeloned defense zones, in which they are distributed in a definite order along the front and in depth. The main element of every position is usually the defense areas or strongpoints of the defending elements connected by a unified system of fire and obstacles. Each position is equipped with foxholes, bunkers, covers, and if there is time, fire trenches that can be linked by communication trenches. This provides concealment of the disposition of the men and the means of fire at the position, protection from enemy fire, and better opportunities for maneuvering along the front and in depth. Troops also prepare firing positions for machine guns, artillery, mortars, antitank guided missiles, tanks, self-propelled gunmounts, and other means of fire, as well as launching positions for the rocket forces. Intermediate and switch positions may be organized in the depth of the defense. They prevent the advance of the enemy and usually serve as lines of deployment for reserves before they mount a counterattack.

To mislead the enemy concerning the actual location of the main line of resistance, a forward position may be created on several of the most important axes. Moreover, dummy positions may be set up in the depth of the defense, as well as reserve and temporary positions for the maneuver of elements and means of fire in combat. If there is no forward position, a combat security position is created to protect the first position of the main defense zone from surprise enemy attack and to hinder enemy reconnaissance. In preparing for an offensive, attack and assembly positions are organized in the area of departure for elements of motorized rifle and tank troops, as well as launching positions for the rocket troops and firing positions for artillery, mortars, and other means of fire. During an offensive, the troops occupy and organize positions to consolidate the captured terrain.

Units and ships of the navy also take up attack positions prior to combat. Mine-artillery positions may be organized in coastal regions.


Position

 

in music the placement of the left hand on the finger board of a stringed instrument so that a given sequence of notes can be produced without moving the hand.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

position

[pə′zish·ən]
(navigation)
A point defined by stated or implied coordinates, usually on the surface of the earth.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
He underwent a robot-assisted radical cystectomy in lithotomy position. The total operation time was 419 min.
[31], the patient is placed in the lithotomy position. The transducer is placed immediately lateral to the perineum on the medial aspect of the thigh along the extended line of the inguinal crease and orientated cephalad.
We also recorded and evaluated the complications including wound infections, development of meatal stenosis, urethrocutaneous fistula formation, recurrent stricture, erectile dysfunction, penile chordee or deformity, urethral diverticula formation, urinary incontinence or other urinary dysfunctions, lower limb complications due to lithotomy position, and buccal donor site complications.
After 1.5 minutes in sitting position and ensuring appropriate level of anesthesia, patients were placed in supine position and then into lithotomy position, and fistula repair surgery was performed by the same surgeon.
Women who gave birth in the lithotomy position were 2.23 times more likely to develop difficulties in breastfeeding after birth compared to those with perineal tears and at a percentage of 76.3%, compared to 23.7% who gave birth in the dorsal position.
All 5 operations were carried out under general anaesthesia with the patient in the lithotomy position, the surgeon standing between the legs of the patient and the camera assistant standing on the patient's right.
After securing all invasive lines and the endotracheal tube, the patient is placed initially in the lithotomy position and subsequently in the steep Trendelenburg position (5,31).
The first basic surgical principle for VVF repair was described in 1663 by Hedrick, who stressed the use of speculum and lithotomy position to gain adequate exposure and denudation of margins of fistula with reaproximation of 7 edges ; however the first reported surgical cure of 8 VVF documented back to 1852 by Maram Sims.
In the lithotomy position there is a decrease of 20% CO and a compensatory increase in heart rate, which does not have time to return to its original level.
The patient was held by the assistants with his legs up in the air and his buttocks brought over the edge of the table - which we still call the 'lithotomy position'.
With the patient in the lithotomy position the lesion was excised in its entirety using careful dissection between the anal sphincters.