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Related to littoral: Littoral drift, littoral cells


1. of or relating to the shore of a sea, lake, or ocean
2. Biology inhabiting the shore of a sea or lake or the shallow waters near the shore
3. a coastal or shore region
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the ecological zone of the sea floor which is flooded during high tide and dry at low tide. It is located between the high and low tide marks. The water advances to cover it and withdraws twice every 24 hours. The littoral is bounded on the high end by the supralittoral zone and on the low end by the sublittoral zone. Some foreign researchers call the entire floor of marine bodies of water to a depth of 200 m the littoral (the continental step, the zone of plant distribution), while others define it as extending to depths of 40–50 m (the lower boundary of wave action). Depending on the slope of the floor and the amplitude of fluctuations of high and low tides, the width of the littoral may range from a few meters to many kilometers. Depending on the nature of the ground, there are silt, sand, pebble, and rock littoral zones.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif underlined last Tuesday that all the 5 littoral states are in consensus over a major part of the draft Convention on the Caspian Sea's legal status.
Its meetings will be held alternately in the cities of the Caspian littoral states, which will allow maintaining a regular constructive dialogue taking into account the interests of all sides.
Also, in February, Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Bahram Qassemi underlined that Tehran's foreign policy is based on boosting cooperation with Persian Gulf littoral states.
The Indian Ocean and the states on its littoral are of significant and growing importance.
Rahimpour underlined that Iran and other Caspian Sea littoral states can pursue multilateral cooperation in the marine, railway, air, road and combined transportation as well as economic cooperation.
Also in September, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called on the Caspian Sea littoral states to prevent the presence and deployment of trans-regional states' military forces in the Caspian Sea to maintain peace and stability in the lake.
Encourage the attraction of investments and stimulate innovations in the energy, industry, transport, trade and other spheres of the Caspian littoral states' economies.
The deputy minister of industry pointed to the Caspian Sea as sea of 'peace and friendship' and reiterated, "Organizing the 1st Caspian Economic Forum in Turkmenistan's Awaza will lay the ground for execution of provisions of trade and economic cooperation agreement between Caspian Sea littoral states."
The event participants discussed issues related to the implementation of the Agreement on the Prevention of Incidents in the Caspian Sea signed in Aktau, Kazakhstan in August last year following the Fifth Summit of the Heads of the Caspian littoral states.
Si la mise AaAaAeA niveau de l'arsenal juridique est importante AaAaAeA rAaAaAeA@ et que la publication des textes nAaAaAeA@cessaires AaAaAeA l'application d loi soit une avancAaAaAeA@e certaine, il reste AaAaAeA doter l'Administration,c de tous les secteurs avec l'impAaAaAeA@ratif de la coordination nAaAaAeA@cess et obligatoire, des moyens de contrAaAaAeA le, de suivi et de surveillan pour constater et verbaliser les causes de la dAaAaAeA@gradation du littora Sans cela, le [beaucoup moins que]vide juridique[beaucoup plus grand que] persistera sans permettre aux nombreux acteurs impliquAaAaAeA@s da la gestion du littoral d'assumer une quelconque responsabilitAaAaAe
The Navy relieved two littoral commanders of duty as a result of the incidents.
13 July 2016 - 14:47 Zarif Highlighted the Significance of Peace Maintenance in Caspian Sea Zarif had a speech in the ministerial meeting of the Caspian Sea littoral states in Astana, Kazakhstan, on Wednesday "Sustainable security, peace and stability in the Caspian Sea is highly important to the regional nations and governments," Zarif said, addressing a ministerial meeting of the Caspian Sea littoral states in Astana, Kazakhstan, on Wednesday.