livery companies


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to livery companies: Great Twelve City Livery Companies

livery companies,

London trade guildsguilds
or gilds,
economic and social associations of persons engaging in the same business or craft, typical of Western Europe in the Middle Ages. Membership was by profession or craft, and the primary function was to establish local control over that profession or
..... Click the link for more information.
 incorporated by royal charter, deriving their name from the assumption of distinctive dress (livery) by their members. Edward III granted the first charters in the 14th cent., and most of the existing companies had been incorporated by the 17th cent. Several, however, were formed in the 20th cent., including the Scientific Instrument Makers and the Air Pilots and Navigators. Liverymen were not artisans or journeymen but rather the controlling elite of their trades. In addition to regulating conditions of apprenticeship and standards of work, they elected the local government of the City of London and had the sole power to confer on members the freedom of the city, a necessary prerequisite to the practice of any trade. They still elect the lord mayor of London, now a purely ceremonial office. By the 18th cent. more competitive trade practices and early industrial expansion eroded the guilds' practical power over their trades, but they retained their roles as administrators of trusts and benefactors of educational institutions. The Mercers founded St. Paul's School as early as 1509, and to the present day the companies continue to endow colleges and scholarships, particularly in the field of technical education. There are currently close to 100 livery companies. Twelve of them, according to an order of precedence established by Henry VIII, are known as the great companies—the Mercers, Grocers, Drapers, Fishmongers, Goldsmiths, Skinners, Merchant Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Ironmongers, Vintners, and Clothworkers.

Bibliography

See W. Herbert, The History of the Twelve Great Livery Companies of London (1937, repr. 1968); W. F. Kahl, The Development of London Livery Companies (1960); G. Unwin, The Guilds and Companies of London (4th ed. 1964).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
This is a sub-committee of the Livery Companies Skills Council (LCSC) and will look at the possibility of extending this pilot scheme, both for the City of London and nationally.
WORSHIPFUL COMPANY'S HISTORY THE Worshipful Company of Woolmen is one of the oldest of the Livery Companies of the City of London, tracing its roots to 1180.
(32) Moreover, the Lord Mayor was newly aligned with the monarch as "the chief royal official in the city" and the livery companies' liaison with the sovereign, and the livery companies patronized and oversaw the Shows' composition.
The attorney for the livery companies argued his clients would "suffer irreparable injury to their livelihoods, businesses and industry" should customers be allowed to use the apps.
WORCESTER - The City Council has agreed to a 90-day trial for a series of changes to rules and regulations governing livery companies and livery drivers operating in the city.
The procession will follow a Diamond Jubilee lunch in Westminster Hall where the royals will be joined by 700 guests from across the country, whose trade, craft or profession is represented by livery companies from the City taking part in the lunch.
Compiled for beginning and experienced genealogists in the UK or those looking for UK ancestors, this guide lists and briefly summarizes the content of useful websites, organized alphabetically by subject: archives, libraries, collections, and resources in the UK and overseas; births, marriages, and deaths; education; census returns; coats of arms, heraldry, emblems, and flags; directories; genetic genealogy; freemen, guilds, and livery companies; emigration and immigration; land and property; local history societies and groups; medieval genealogy; newspaper and magazine resources; passports; surnames; villages; wartime and military sources; and other topics.
"Research has uncovered a much earlier date, from several entries in the accounts of the Worshipful Company of Girdlers, one of the Livery Companies in the City of London.
Here is a sample: six essays on adult playing companies between 1583 and 1642 and two on boy companies; essays on the Globe, the Phoenix, and the Red Bull playhouses along with a paper on inn-yard playhouses; household entertainments, Court theatre, touring; London street theatre; the role of patronage and the Court, theatre entrepreneurs; the City of London; livery companies; and women in the theatre.
The Dawn of Commercialism: Evidence from London Livery Companies
By location, Orlin means material culture, especially architecture and household objects, and institutional archives of all sorts, especially written records from churches, courts, charities, and livery companies. By personal privacy, she understands "interiority, atomization, spatial control, intimacy, urban anonymity, secrecy, withholding, solitude" (1).