lobotomy

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lobotomy

(lōbŏt`əmē, lə–), surgical procedure for cutting nerve pathways in the frontal lobes of the brainbrain,
the supervisory center of the nervous system in all vertebrates. It also serves as the site of emotions, memory, self-awareness, and thought. Anatomy and Function
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. The operation has been performed on mentally ill patients whose behavioral patterns were not improved by other forms of treatment. The procedure as pioneered by Nobel laureate Egas Moniz in the 1930s consisted of drilling holes through the skull and severing or interfering with nerve fibers to the midbrain, particularly to the thalamus. In a later development, instruments were passed through the eye sockets to sever the connections.

Lobotomies were performed on numerous patients between 1936 and 1956. In approximately one half there was at least temporary relief of symptoms. However, some patients exhibited worse behavior after the operation, and others whose tensions were relieved by the surgery degenerated to a vegetative state. Since the mid-1950s such psychosurgery has been largely abandoned in favor of less radical means of treatment, e.g., the administration of tranquilizers and other chemical substances. Most psychiatrists today do not view lobotomy as an acceptable form of treatment.

lobotomy

[lō′bäd·ə·mē]
(medicine)
An operative section of the fibers between the frontal lobes of the brain. Also known as leukotomy; prefrontal lobotomy.

lobotomy

1. surgical incision into a lobe of any organ
2. surgical interruption of one or more nerve tracts in the frontal lobe of the brain: used in the treatment of intractable mental disorders

lobotomy

(1)
What a hacker subjected to formal management training is said to have undergone. At IBM and elsewhere this term is used by both hackers and low-level management; the latter doubtless intend it as a joke.

lobotomy

(2)
The act of removing the processor from a microcomputer in order to replace or upgrade it. Some very cheap clone systems are sold in "lobotomised" form - everything but the brain.
References in periodicals archive ?
These features demonstrate it would be unfair to suggest it was all about barbaric lobotomies and electric shock treatment at these hospitals.
This did not discourage them, and by November 1936, they had done only six lobotomies, yet enthusiastically began presenting at conferences (Whitaker 2002:116).
He operated on as many as five patients an hour, and on one memorable day he performed 25 transorbital lobotomies.
As the quack doe pushing transorbital lobotomies intones, "To pursue forgetfulness is to pursue happiness.
Swedish children as young as seven were given lobotomies and many others were subjected to the controversial surgery without relatives' permission.
Other grotesque Government testing, funded by tax dollars, includes the effort to erase individual memory through weeks of electroshock and sensory deprivation and the subsequent "programming" of individuals; studying the effects of human lobotomies which were conducted after electroshock was performed, and administering BZ, a super-hallucinogenic drug far more powerful than LSD, to about 2,800 soldiers.
Unless, that it is, you were Dr Walter Freeman, who performed more than 100,000 lobotomies by shoving an ice-pick up people's nostrils and then bashing it with a hammer.
After years of failing to find any anatomical differences in dead human brains that could pinpoint the physical causes of madness he knew must exist, Freeman became the Johnny Appleseed of lobotomies in the 1940s.
In the finest documentary tradition, "Monkeys Like Becky," Joaquin Jorda and Nuria Villazan's multiple-award-winning and memorably oddball exploration of the life and work of the medical man who briefly made lobotomies hip, takes an unpromising and daring subject and makes it entirely captivating.