localized state

localized state

[′lō·kə‚līzd ′stāt]
(quantum mechanics)
A state of motion in which an electron may be found anywhere within a region of a material of linear extent smaller than that of the material.
References in periodicals archive ?
The high absorbance of C-doping in the visible light (Figure 7(b)) as well as the localized state above the bandgap explains why it is five times more efficient than N-doping in the degradation of 4-chlorophenol when it is used as an artificial light ([lambda] [greater than or equal to] 455 nm) [33].
The Hamiltonian (13) includes the fact that the complex energy [[epsilon].sup.(c).sub.i] of the localized state i maybe different relative to the different channels c.
A localized state of emergency was declared in the worst-affected areas, and the military were deployed to help with rescue operations.
Today's localized state insurance departments have enforcement officers accountable to citizens directly by election or indirectly by appointment.
USPSTF analyzed prostate cancer screening intervals with the goal of detecting disease in an early, localized state and concluded that if indeed prostate screening were deemed useful, biennial screening involving the DRE and PSA would be sufficient.
The peak corresponding to the localized state at the 8R octagon remains fixed at E = 0, because it is localized at the complementary sublattice.
As currently done in standard surface physics [23], the projected bulkband structure allows identifying straightaway the energy regions that, prohibited in the bulk, can host localized states at the edges.
Their topics include the thermodynamics of surface phenomena, localized states and surface elementary excitations, calculating adhesion characteristics of metals and their melts by the density functional method, friction of surfaces of solids with no lubrication, and ferromagnetism in ultrathin films of transition metals.