logwood


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logwood,

small, thorny tree (Haematoxylon campechianum) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family) native to tropical America and introduced into other tropical regions. The brown-red heartwood is the source of the dye haematoxylin and was exported to Europe as a major purple textile dye from the 16th cent. until the development of synthetic aniline dyes. It is still used more than are most natural dyes—as a histological stain, for ink, and as a special-purpose dye. Local names for the wood include campeachy wood and blackwood. The name logwood is sometimes applied to other similar woods. Logwood is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

Logwood

 

(Haematoxylon campechianum), a small tree of the family Caesalpiniaceae, measuring approximately 12 m tall and 0.5 m in diameter. The leaves are pinnate, and the flowers are small and yellow. Native to tropical America, logwood is cultivated in the tropics. The heartwood is initially bright red; it subsequently turns blue, then violet-black. Logwood, which contains hematoxylin and tannins, is used for making dye. Be-cause of its attractive color and texture, the wood is valued inthe manufacture of furniture and parquetry.

logwood

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(botany)
References in periodicals archive ?
But after that date, large sapodilla logs were almost entirely replaced in temple construction by logwood, a smaller, gnarly tree that is almost impossible to carve.
Specifically, logwood and mahogany soon became the cornerstone of an absentee-type system of Belizean enslavement.
The dispute arose after Logwood Hotel Development Co.
British domination and territorial claim of Belize was initiated by Bartholomew Sharpie, a former buccaneer who became a logwood cutter and who subsequently led the "invasion" of British settlers intent on exploiting this resource.
Gangs of teenagers have been patrolling the streets of Liverpool since at least the 1850s - back then they had names like the High Rips, the Cornermen and Logwood Gang.
At the time known as the Bay of Honduras, the novel explores the forestry industry of logwood and mahogany.
35) Logwood asserted that African American Baptist women are essential to the church and contribute heavily to its survival, but he contended that ultimately "Jesus is the way maker.
The orange and citron groves, and all the rich enameled luxuriance of torrid luxuries, now began to wear a sombre aspect, while the chattering Paroquet ceased to imitate man, and disturb the sweets of solitude, with prating garrulity, had retired to her roost on the sturdy logwood.
At Gratts Elementary School in Los Angeles, nearly three dozen children received a hands-on lesson in gardening from "OSH" the Beaver and local OSH nursery expert Margaret Logwood as they began work on a shaded reading garden on their school grounds.
3), (7) Though logwood began to increase in popularity in England, Spain's monopoly of the logwood source created a supply issue, as logwood was contraband cargo for non-Spanish ships.
As It Was, Logwood Burnin' Through The Nights' from Bob Marley's Redemption Song came fourth, followed by Coldplay's Yellow - 'Look At The Stars, Look How They Shine For You'.