loiasis


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loiasis

[‚lȯi′ā·səs]
(medicine)
A filariasis of tropical Africa, caused by the filaria Loa, and characterized by diurnal periodicity of microfilariae in the blood, and transient cutaneous swelling caused by migrating adult worms.
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Infection with this worm is called loiasis and is typically diagnosed either by the worm's appearance in the eye or by a history of localized Calabar swellings, named for the coastal Nigerian town where that symptom was initially observed among infected persons.
Other imported parasitic diseases: Two cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis, 1 case of loiasis and 1 case of urogenital schistosomiasis were diagnosed during the period, all of which do not have autochthonous transmission in Bulgaria.
Cooler temperatures and high altitudes favour skin disorders such as asteatotic eczema and frostbite.56 Filariasis, onchocerciasis, loiasis, are found mainly in Africa.
* Filarial infections, eg lymphatic filariasis, loiasis, and onchocerciasis, can also cause eosinophilia.
The key words included nematodes, ocular; filariasis, ocular; onchocerciasis, human and canine; loiasis; dirofilariasis, human, ocular, and dirofilariasis, canine.
The antiparasitic drug ivermectin, or IVM, can be used to treat these diseases, but mass public health campaigns to administer the medication have been stalled because of potentially fatal side effects for patients co-infected with Loa loa, which causes loiasis, or African eye worm.
Tolerance and efficacy of single high-dose ivermectin for the treatment of loiasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg
[7] Loiasis treatment by diethylcarbamazine (DEC) may be complicated by a meningoencephalitis that is often fatal.
Loiasis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 2006 Dec; 100(8):715-31.
Surgical Management of Conjuctival Loiasis. Opthical Plastic Reconstruction Surgrey.
In addition, bancroftian filariasis, mansonellosis and loiasis are all widespread and endemic in both parts of the basin (3,9-11).
Parasites not confined to the skin include onchocerciasis, loiasis, the guinea worm, schistosomiasis, cutaneous amoebiasis and the cutaneous involvement in trypanosomiasis.